7-10 pp slides

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 Course Objective: CO-1: Describe the environment in which business operates.

Prompt:

In a 7 to 10 slide PowerPoint presentation, describe the stages of the business lifecycle. What are the characteristics of each stage, and what might the organization experience at each stage? Provide examples to support your description.

Instructions:

•    Prepare a 7 to 10 slide PowerPoint presentation. Use Speakers Notes for explanations and details.

•    Follow APA format for structure.
•    Use either audio or speaker notes.
•    Support your presentation with 3 credible references. Please note Wikipedia, Investopedia, and similar websites are not credible academic references. The best place to locate credible references is the Online Library. 

 

Grading Rubric:

A rubric is provided for your convenience that details how this assignment will be graded. Please review it carefully prior to submitting your assignment. If the grading rubric does not auto-populate here, please see it by visiting the Assignment details under Course Tools.

APA STYLE SEVENTH EDITION – 2019

This module is designed to show the basic elements of APA style writing and provide examples of appropriate APA guidelines; however, it is not intended as an exhaustive reference guide.

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WHY USE APA?

APA writing style provides a foundation for effective communication aiding writers to present ideas in a clearer, concise, and organized manner.

APA rules create uniformity and consistency.

APA (Seventh Edition) has broadened its audience consulting not only by psychologists but also students & researchers in many fields such as business, education, social work, nursing and many other behavioral and social sciences.

BASIC APA PAPER CONSIST OF:

The title page

Text of the paper

Reference page

Notice No Running Head – YAY!

THE TITLE PAGE

APA requires seven basic elements to your title page:

1. Title

2. Author name

3. Institution affiliation

4. Course number/name

5. Instructor name

6. Due date

7. Page number (top header right)

SEVEN COMPONENTS OF THE TITLE PAGE

Title

Author name; first name, last name, no titles or degrees used.

Institution affiliation – American Public University

Course number/Course name

Instructor name

Assignment due date (Month, ##, YYYY)

Page number, page number in header flush right

The title is typed bold, centered, and positioned in the upper half of the title page, 3-4 lines from top margin.

Capitalize the significant words of the title. Do not capitalize words such as: the, in, of, or, and, unless the word is the first word in the title.

There is no prescribed limit for title length in APA Style, authors are encouraged to keep titles focused and succinct.

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TEXT OF THE PAPER

The body must conform to but a few guidelines:

  • 1” margins all the way around
  • All text double-spaced
  • Every new paragraph 1 tab indent (0.5 inches)

GENERAL FORMATTING INFORMATION

Begin writing your paper on page two (the cover page is page one). The page numbering top right hand side must reflect page 2 in the Header.

Same typeface throughout – various typeface font choices acceptable (2.19).

Double space the entire paper (2.21).

Margins are set at one inch (top, bottom, left, and right) (2.22).

First sentence of every paragraph must e indented (2.24).

Center the title at the top of page two. The title is written in the title case (6.17).

Quotes 40+ words blocked no quotation marks (8.27)

.

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WRITING THE PAPER

APA writing should be straightforward with an active voice – i.e., “Jones developed the project..” as opposed to the passive voice – i.e. “The project was developed by Jones…”

Use past tense when describing earlier research

Spell out the first use of an acronym (example: American Public University (APU) – first use. Next time referenced in paper use (APU).

QUOTES OF 40 WORDS OR MORE

If a quotation contains 40 words or more,

treat it as a block quotation

Start a block quotation on a new line

Indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin.

Double-space the entire block quotation. (8.27)

Do NOT use quotation marks for the entire quotation.

You must give credit for the source.

Place periods or commas within quotation marks when they are part of the quoted material.

At end of quote, place period then page number. Example: …… placebo effect. (p. 276)

CITATIONS–GIVING CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE

It is very important to give proper credit when words or thoughts are not ours originally.

Citing the source means mentioning the author/s within the text so the reader can look up the source at the back of the paper.

APA has very specific ways this must be done. The model must be followed exactly. With a little practice, citing sources gets easier!

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PARAPHRASING

Paraphrasing is your own rendition of someone else’s information or idea. (8.23)

Parenthetical Citation Example: Many people possess knowledge on a multitude of topics, but infrequently have the chance to take advantage of such knowledge (Conner, 2004).

Narrative Citation Example: Conner suggested many people possess knowledge on a multitude of topics, but infrequently have the chance to take advantage of such knowledge (2004).

Direct quote: reproduces words verbatim from an author or source. (8.25)

Parenthetical Citation Example: “Many of us understand all sorts of things but never have the opportunity to take the time to try them out” (Conner, 2004, p. 161).

Narrative Citation Example: According to Conner (2004) “Many of us understand all sorts of things but never have the opportunity or take the time to try them out” (p. 161).

BASIC IN-TEXT CITATION STYLES

Table 8.1 p. 266

Author type Parenthetical citation Narrative citation
One author (Luna, 2020) Luna (2020)
Two Authors (Salas & D’Agostino, 2020) Salas and D’Agostino (2020)
Three or more authors (Martin et al., 2020) Martin et al. (2020)
Group author with abbreviation
First citation
 
Subsequent citations

(National Institute of Mental Health
[NIMH], 2020)

(NIMH, 2020)

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH,
2020)

NIMH (2020)

Group author without abbreviation (Stanford University, 2020) Stanford University (2020

NEW GUIDELINES FOR CITING REFERENCES

  • Keep the format as simple as possible.
  • No retrieval dates needed unless the source material may change over time. (9.16)
  • For electronic references, give the DOI, if no DOI is assigned provide the URL. (9.34)
  • For works associated with specific location, include the location such as conference presentations, include the location, (Example: New York, NY) (9.31)

THE DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER (DOI)

The digital object identifier (DOI)

is an alphanumeric string identifying content

Give DOI for

journal articles,

books,

book chapters accessed online.

Do not use the phrase retrieved from

Do not give a retrieval date. (9.34)

For electronic references,

give the DOI

If no DOI assigned, provide the URL. (9.35)

TO SEARCH FOR A DOI

Search for a DOI: Go to a free DOI lookup:

http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/

or

http://www.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery/

REFERENCE PAGE

The Reference page is the last page (unless an appendix).

Insert a page break at the end of the final paragraph to prevent distortion

The word References should appear at the top center of the page.

Entries are double spaced, left and additional lines of each reference are indented (hanging indent).

Example

References

Stielow, F. J. (2003). Building digital archives.

New York: Neal- Schuman.

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REFERENCES ARE ALPHABETIZED

References

Alphabetical order by author(s) last name

List last name, then first and middle initials (if applicable) only.

Author. Date. Title. Source.

When author is unknown or cannot reasonably be determined, move the title of the work to the author position followed by a period before the date of the publication, i.e., Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33. or Anonymous. (2017). or Generalized anxiety disorder. (2019). respectively.

Only list the last name of an author or authors followed by initials for the first and middle names. For example: Marcia L. Conner would be listed as Conner, M. L.

Do not list the author as anonymous or unknown unless the work is signed ‘Anonymous’. (9.29)


INSERT THE PUBLICATION DATE IN PARENTHESES FOLLOWING THE AUTHOR.

Following the author’s name is the publication date. The date (in parentheses) is always the second part of a reference. (9.4) List the date as follows:

(year only). For example: (2009).

(year, month). For example: (2007, January). Note: Do not use month abbreviations.

(year, month, day). For example: (1998, June 16).

(range of dates (e.g., range of years, range of exact dates) (9.13)

(n.d.). Use n.d. for works without a publication date (9.17)

Capitalize only the first word of titles, proper nouns (names of people, places, studies, etc.), & subtitles following a colon (:). (6.29)

WHAT TO ITALICIZE

  • Italicize the name of books, reports, webpages, and other stand-alone works (6.22) journals, magazines, or newspapers (10.1 ex.3), but do not italicize the name of an article. (10.1 ex.5)
  • Journal: Journal of Social Psychology (10.1 ex.1)
  • Magazine: Newsweek (10.1 ex.15)
  • Newspapers: The New York Times (10.1 ex.16)
  • Book: Learn more now: 10 simple ways to learning better, smarter & faster. (10.2)

JOURNAL ARTICLE REFERENCE WITH DOI EXAMPLE (10.1 EX. 1)

Last name, Initials. (yyyy of journal volume). Article title. Journal, volume number, (issue number), pages. doi: xx.xxxxx


Roy, A.J. (1982). Suicide in chronic schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 96(1), 171-177. doi: xx.xxxx

It should be noted using the words Volume or Vol., Issue or Iss., or Pages, p. or pp. are not acceptable in the reference citation. Also, the journal title and volume number are italicized.

***Note: For electronic references, give the DOI, if assigned, if not include the URL.

EXAMPLE JOURNAL ARTICLE REFERENCE WITHOUT DOI EXAMPLE (10.1 EX. 2)

Last name, Initials. (yyyy of journal volume). Article title. Journal, volume number, (issue number), pages.

Roy, A.J. (1982). Suicide in chronic schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 96(1), 171-177.

 

It should be noted using the words Volume or Vol., Issue or Iss., or Pages, p. or pp. are not acceptable in the reference citation. Also, the journal title and volume number are italicized.

Note: Provide URL if DOI is not available. (9.35)

EXAMPLE BLOG POST EXAMPLE

(10.1 EX. 17)

Last name, Initials. (Date). Title of article. Title of Blog. Source location

Klymkowsky, M. (2018, September 15). Can we talk scientifically about

free will? Sci-Ed.
https://
blogs.plos.org/scied/2018/09/15/can-


we-talk-scientifically-about-free-will
/

EXAMPLE CHAPTER IN AN EDITED BOOK WITHOUT DOI EXAMPLE (10.3. EX. 39)

Last name, Initials. (yyyy). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (if 2nd+ ed., pp. #). Publisher Name.

Weinstock, R., Leong, G. B., & Silva, J. A., (2003). Defining forensic psychiatry: Roles and responsibilities. In R. Rosner (Ed.), Principles and practice of forensic psychiatry (2nd ed., pp. 7-13). CRC Press.

ONLINE MEDIA TEMPLATE

Table 10.15 p. 348

      Source
Author Date Title Social media site name URL
Twitter and Instagram:
Author, A. A. [@username].
 
Name of Group [@username].
 
Facebook and others:
Author, A. A.
Name of Group.
Name of Group [Username].
Username
 
 
(n.d.).
 
(2019, August, 8).
Content of the post up to the first 20 words.
 
Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals].
 
[Description of audiovisuals].
Site Name.
 
https://xxxxxxx
 
Retrieved August 27, 2020, from https://xxxxx
 

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WEBPAGES OR WEBSITES TEMPLATE

Table 10.16 p. 351

      Source
Author Date Title Social media site name URL
Author, A. A. &
Author, B. B.
 
Name of Group.
 
 
(2020).
(2019, August).
(2020, September 28).
(n.d.).
Title of work.
 
Site Name.
 
https://xxxxxxx
 
Retrieved December 22, 2020, from https://xxxxx
 

ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES

The new Seventh Edition of the APA Manual has various templates along with various examples of different types of references including, but not limited to,

periodicals

books

technical

research reports

meetings & symposia

doctoral dissertations & master’s theses

reviews & peer commentary

audiovisual media

data sets, software, internet message boards, electronic mailing lists & other sources

WRITING & GRAMMAR

BASIC WRITING COMPONENTS

Title: Name your paper. The title can “hook” your readers.

Introduction Paragraph: Tell the readers what you are about to tell them. The thesis statement is often the last sentence of the first paragraph.

Thesis Statement: Essentially, a thesis statement answers the question, “What do I want my readers to know after they have read my essay?”

Body: Discuss topic. The number of paragraphs will depend on the length and complexity of your paper.

Concluding Paragraph: A short summary. Do not introduce

any new information.

WRITING TIPS

Use Formal Voice: Academic writing is more formal than casual conversations, emails, and instant messages.

Complete Sentences: Write in complete sentences. Complete sentences contain both subjects and verbs.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Be sure your subject and verb agree. For example, “we are” rather than “we is,” or “they did” rather than “they done.”

Verb Tense and Active Voice: Limit shifts in verb tense, and use active voice rather than passive voice.

Awkward Phrasing: Use standard English phrasing. For example, “try to do” rather than “try and do,” or “we went” rather than “us went.”

Long Paragraphs Preferred: Be sure your ideas are fully developed in each of your paragraphs. This usually results in paragraphs of three to five sentences.

WRITING TIPS CONT…

Brainstorming: Before beginning to write, take the time to put your ideas on paper. Mind-mapping and list-making are two useful brainstorming techniques.

Organizing: Plan your paper or assignment. This may be as simple as a chronological list of your points or as elaborate as a formal outline.

Multiple Drafts: Professional writers create multiple drafts of their writing. You should too.

Extra Time: Quality writing takes time – lots of time. Build in a cushion of extra time.

Allow Time Between Drafts: While a break of 24- hours or more is ideal, a 30-minute break will yield positive results.

Help From Others: Being mindful of plagiarism and academic honesty, request proofreading help.

WRITING TIPS CONT…

Full Wording Rather Than Contractions: Convert contractions to their complete word-partner. For example:

it’s = it is

won’t = will not

haven’t = have not

Homonyms: Homonyms are words that sound alike but are

spelled differently and have different definitions. For example,

new and knew, your and you’re, and know and no or piece and peace, or versus and verses.

Non-words: Ensure that all your words are standard English words. For example, “alot” is not a word.

Frequently Misspelled Words: Be alert for commonly confused words. For example, possess and posses, a lot and allot, definitely and defiantly, and their and there.

etc.: Avoid using etc. at the end of a list unless it is part of a quotation.

WRITING TIPS CONT…

Use 3rd person point of view (unless opinion paper): Avoid pronouns such as I, we, my, our (1st person) and you, yours, your, us, we (2ndperson). Deal with facts, thus, providing citations within paper and reference page. Focus on subject; not feelings about the subject. The use of 3rd person retains a formal tone: Academic writing is more formal than casual conversation.

Parenthesis: Parentheses are most often used in citations. Before using them in other applications, consult the APA handbook for guidance.

Commas and Introductory Phrases: Usually commas are placed between an introductory phrase and the main sentence; however, commas are rarely used to separate a concluding phrase.

Colon: Colons should only be used when the introductory phrase is a complete sentence.

Semicolon: Semicolons are used to either connect two complete sentences, or to connect a list that contains commas.

Slashes: Use dashes rather than slashes.

WRITING TIPS CONT…

Punctuation when ending a Quote: If quotation is at the end of a sentence, close quote with quotation marks, cite the source in parentheses, and end with a period or other punctuation outside the final parenthesis. (6.7)

Mid-sentence quote: If quote is in mid-sentence, close quote with quotation marks, cite the source immediately after the quotation marks, and continue the sentence. (6.7)

Question Marks and Quotation Marks: Place question marks outside the quotation mark unless the question mark is part of the quotation.

Single Quotation Marks: The only time you use single quotation marks is inside of double quotation marks.

Exclamation Points: Exclamation points should not be used unless the exclamation point is part of a quotation.

Titles of Books and Magazines: Italicize the title of books and magazines.

SPELL-CHECKER,

GRAMMAR-CHECKER,

AND YOU!

Use your word processor’s spell-checker and grammar-checker to catch common mistakes. Remember, these are tools and no software program is perfect.

Spell-checkers identify the words in its dictionary but can not identify correct contextual spelling.

Grammar-checkers may fail to identify incorrect punctuation or usage. It may also highlight correct usage and punctuation.

You must follow along behind them to ensure that the spelling and grammar

are correct.

Presentation Title Goes Here

Your Name Here

Name of School

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Heading Goes Here

  • Keep font of text consistent
  • Be sure headings are consistent in their spacing, placement, size, etc.
  • Consider using the slide after the title slide to summarize your presentations points

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Use consistent, grammatically parallel format for bulleted lists

For example, each element begins with an commanding verb

Go to the Home tab at the top menu bard and click the New Slide or Layout button to access different formatting for your slides

Choose formatting that presents your information in a way most logical

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  • Keep your slides brief – your audience does not want to focus on reading each slide that you will likely read to them
  • If a slide contains entire paragraphs – Citation rules apply just as a paper. When citing in a slide as you would in a paper (Author, year). According to Author (year), state the point…

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Use APA style rules to format any table or figure in your presentation

Figure !. Bar graph showing useful information. From “WHERE” by Author, year, source.

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  • Remember to adhere to the assignment guidelines
  • Keep in mind – there is no such thing as an “APA standard PowerPoint”. The APA 7th ed. Manual does not have a section on how to format a PowerPoint – follow APA style guidelines

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References

  • Always include a reference list at the end of your presentation, just like in a paper.
  • Reference entries are formatted the same as a paper – Alphabetize/hanging indent/double-spaced (if room permits)

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