ACFI 5020 Accounting for Managers

FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND LAW

PG MODULE REASSESSMENT INFORMATION

AUGUST 2020

MODULE CODE: ACFI 5020 MODULE TITLE: Accounting for Managers
Module Leader: Dr Sudesh Sangray Contact details: Room: HU3.82 Tel: 0116 257 7687 Email:Sudesh.sangray@dmu.ac.uk
Reassessment is by:
Assessment 1 – Individual Report which is 70% or your grade.
You are required to re-submit your assignment based on a new company – Easyjet plc.
The question is below – please email me should you have any difficulty locating it or if you are unsure what the requirements are.
Failed module If your overall grade for any module is less than 50% you will be required to resit component(s) with a mark of less than 50%.  Look at the mark for each component within the failed module(s).  If you are in any doubt about which component(s) to resit please ensure you contact the module leader or your programme administrator for clarification.
Re-assessment Coursework deadline date: 28th August 2020 by 11.59am
Do I need to submit my work by turnitin? Yes by 11.59 am on the hand in date via TURNITIN on Blackboard https://vle.dmu.ac.uk/

Accounting for Managers (ACFI5020)

Referral Assignment Due 28th August 2020

As you will recall at the beginning of the course, we discussed the important role that the capital market plays in matching investors with companies. Investors are attracted to companies that are able to generate healthy returns that are commensurate with the risks that the investment entails. Once an investment has been made, investors and financial analysts monitor the performance of the company in many different ways – one of which is through the use of ratio analysis.

Imagine that you were a recent investor in the budget airline, EasyJet. The below illustration shows how EasyJet shares have performed over the past 6 months.

(Source https://www.hl.co.uk/shares/shares-search-results/e/easyjet-plc-ordinary-27-27p)

The fortunes of EasyJet have been somewhat contradictory over the past 6 months. Whilst passenger numbers continue to increase, EasyJet’s share price has tumbled from almost £18 per share to nearer £11 per share. Indeed, September was another encouraging month with over 8m passengers using the airline. However, the share price has remained stubbornly low which raises the question, why are shareholders concerned? Are investor concerns justified or do the key performance indicators of the company suggest otherwise? As a financial analyst, you have been tasked to investigate further.

Task One

Using the Annual Report and Accounts of EasyJet for the period 2014 to 2018, you are required to evaluate the performance of the company. The reports and accounts for these years are available at the following link:

http://corporate.easyjet.com/investors/reports-and-presentations/

You are required to :

  1. Evaluate the performance of EasyJet in the following areas, using ratio analysis:
  • Profitability
  • Liquidity/Solvency
  • Working capital efficiency
  • Long term financial structure
  • Investors’ perspective

You may also use earlier years’ financial accounts to supplement your analysis if you wish to be specific with certain trends that you have identified (see below for specific instructions).

In addition you could also consider the performance of EasyJet in comparison with its peer group of competitors – for example, Ryanair.

You should summarise your findings and make particular reference to the interests of the different stakeholders of the company.

When undertaking any calculations use the ‘Total’ figures from the financial statements.

Note: Any accounting ratios for Easyjet must be calculated (and workings shown) and not extracted from external databases, although, further analysis may be supported by downloading ratios from external databases for competitor companies.

(40%)

(15% will be awarded with regard to the relevance and accuracy of the ratios and 25% will be rewarded according to the quality of your written analysis)

When completing Part (a)take the following into account:

  1. 5 years of analysis would be worthwhile.
  2. Benchmarking to at least one competitor
  3. Make sure that you explain why the ratios are changing and what the implications or conclusions of this are.
  4. Don’t forget to comment on the views of specific stakeholders.
  5. Contemplate your presentation. This work lends itself to the use of graphs, charts, tables and so on.

Task Two

Considering your response to Task One and any further reading, you are required to provide advice, accompanied by a rationale, as to whether you would recommend a buy, sell or hold (if they are already owned) policy for investors and potential investors EasyJet plc.

(10%)

Task Three

You are required to follow the link below and to read the material concerning the Supply Chain Management processes at EasyJet.

https://www.supplychaindigital.com/company/inside-easyjets-industry-leading-supply-chain-team#

Required:

You must critically discuss the philosophies and approaches of EasyJet in terms of its supply-chain management and contrast its approach with alternative theories of supply chain management. For example, does the lean model utilised by EasyJet work for other industries? What are the risks of applying such models and what are the downsides in the turbulent airline industry?

Appropriate credible academic and practitioner literature sources must be used to support your critical analysis and the Harvard style of referencing must be adopted.

(50%)

(Total 100%)

Further Information:

You are required to present well structured answers of no more than 2500 words (excluding calculations) in total. The words should be allotted according to the percentage marks awarded for each task.

Learning Outcomes specifically assessed:

Subject Specific Knowledge and Skills

  1. Identify and critically appraise the different components of a financial report, and assess the adequacy of current international financial reporting requirements for a greater understanding of company performance
  2. Analyse and interpret financial data and information, evaluate their relevance and validity, and synthesise a range of information in the context of business situations
  3. Demonstrate the ability to use conventional management accounting and financial management techniques to produce appropriate information for management to aid planning, control and decision making
  4. Evaluate the usefulness of contemporary management accounting techniques in measuring business performance
  5. Critically appraise management accounting techniques with respect to their effectiveness and identify any weaknesses inherent in their use

Non Subject Specific and Cognitive Skills

  1. Manage own learning, using the available range of resources, and ability to conduct research into business and management issues
  2. Ability to collect relevant information relating to a given situation, analyse that information and synthesise it into an appropriate form in order to evaluate decision alternatives
  3. Demonstrate a practical and integrative approach to a problem area or issue
  4. Demonstrate rigour of academic arguments as well as the application of theory

Assignments will be graded according to the general postgraduate assessment criteria and you should also bear the following in mind:

  • Evidence of critical judgement in selecting, ordering and analysing content in order to present a sound argument
  • The demonstration and understanding of relevant concepts and models
  • The demonstration of insight and originality in responding to the assignment
  • The provision of well-referenced evidence