Advise Axel as to his legal rights with reference to relevant principles of contract law

QUESTION 1 [30 marks]
Axel Wong is an ambitious fashion designer whose aim is to design his own clothes and sell
them through a retail store owned by him. Axel decided to look for suitable premises from
which to sell his range of clothing designer goods. However, since he knew he would not be
able to finance his entire business, he asked his father for help.
Axel’s father, who owned many commercial properties, agreed to lease one of his shops to
Axel at half the rental he would normally charge. Axel inspected the premises. It looked like
an old factory. Axel told his father that he would like to make some alterations to the layout
of the shop so as ‘give the clothing shop a modern and trendy look.’
Axel told his father that he wanted to start on the renovations immediately and would speak to
the local Council in Burwood, Sydney to get the necessary permits. Axel also agreed that he
will pay for these store renovations which, after quotes had been given, were calculated at
$50,000. Axel, however, said to his father that he did not want to start on the renovation project
unless his father was certain that the shop was available for rent at the amount agreed.
Axel’s father said he would let Axel know in the next few days if he changed his mind about
renting the shop to him. Axel also said to his father that the opening of the shop on the date
agreed in the lease was important to him to ensure success in the business. It was estimated
that the renovations to the shop would take 3 months, by which time Axel would have designed
and created the required shop stock for sales.
A week after Axel reached an agreement to sign the lease with his father, Axel started on the
shop renovation project, having heard nothing from his father. A month after the renovation
work began, Axel noticed his father drive past very slow past the shop in which the renovations
were in progress.
Axel received a phone call from this father, two months later, who said he received a higher
rental for the same shop and therefore will not be signing the lease agreement with Axel. Axel
threatened to sue his father for breach of contract. His father replied “we are family. I love
you. You can’t sue me. Besides, I have not signed the lease agreement and so the law is on my
side. Bad luck, son.”
By this time, Axel had already spent $50, 000 on renovating the shop to suit his business needs.
Advise Axel as to his legal rights with reference to relevant principles of contract law. Give
reasons for your answer based on contract law (common law legal principles and relevant
precedents.