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1. Among the Toraja people of Sulawesi, Indonesia, not all was going well with
tourism. In fact, resentment became so great over the way in which sacred
funeral ceremonies were being adapted to meet tourists’ needs that in the late
1980s, a number of Toraja communities simply refused to accept tourists. The
result is that host communities find culture and traditions under threat from the
purchasing power of the tourism industry. Neither are tourists better off from
the cultural viewpoint. Instead of getting rich and authentic cultural insights
and experiences, tourists get staged authenticity; instead of getting exotic
culture, they get kitsch. Question: Within the context of the narrative
presented above, discuss 4 cultural differences (Scollon and Scollon, 1995)
that may have prompted the Toraja communities to resist the threats posed by
tourism. Your answer must be a minimum of 700 words and maximum of
2. In many Muslim countries, strict standards exist regarding the appearance and
behavior of Muslim women, who must carefully cover themselves in public.
Tourists in these countries often disregard or are unaware of these standards,
ignoring the prevalent dress code, appearing half-dressed (by local standards)
in revealing shorts, skirts or even bikinis, sunbathing topless at the beach or
consuming large quantities of alcohol openly. Besides creating ill-will, this
kind of behavior can be an incentive for locals not to respect their own
traditions and religion anymore, leading to tensions within the local
community. The same types of culture clashes happen in conservative
Christian communities in Polynesia, the Caribbean and the Mediterranean.
Question: Using the contact hypothesis, describe the potential outcomes of the
tourist-host contact indicated above. Be sure to discuss the outcomes in terms
of tourist-host attitudes, interactions, perceptions, values, and communication.
Your answer must be a minimum of 700 words and maximum of 1000 words.
Each of your answers must be a minimum of 700 words and maximum of 1000 words. Answers need to be detailed and in paragraph form, with a clear structure. You are welcome to find additional information on the topic and apply them to your answers, but if yo do so, use the APA convention for citing sources, to avoid plagiarism.