Define and compare sensation and perception

  1. Go to www.learner.org
  2. Click on the blue tab near the top that reads “view programs”
  3. Many film series will be listed. They are in alphabetical order. Scroll down to Discovering Psychology: Updated Edition. Click on it.
  4. All 26 episodes from the series are listed in order. Double click on the box that says “VoD” next to the episode you wish to view. That’s it! 

    Type 1 page for each ½ hour video unit where you submit bullets outlining the content of each ½ hour lecture (not more than one page in length) AND, SEPARATELY, ANSWER ALL LEARNING OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS FROM THE ATTACHED/ENCLOSED PACKET( state each question before each of your responses. Make sure you cite page references from the text for each of your answers).

     

    ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS CAN BE FOUND IN VIDEO AND TEXT INSIDE FRONT AND BACK COVER OF TEXT WILL TELL YOU WHAT CHAPTERS CORRELATE WITH WHICH VIDEOS).

     

    Week 8 Nov. 4 videos/Obj. units 15,16

    Week 9 Nov.11 videos/Obj. units 17,18

    Week 10 Nov. 18 videos/Obj. units 19,20

    Week 4 Oct. 7 videos/Obj. units 7,8         Week 11 Nov. 25 videos/Obj. units 21/22

    Week 5 Oct. 14 videos/Obj. units 9,10     Week 12 Dec. 2 videos/Obj. units 23/24

    Week 6 Oct. 21 videos/Obj. units 11,12     Week 13 Dec. 09 videos/Obj. units 25/26

     

    Week 7 Oct. 28 videos/Obj. units 13,14

 

Objective 7

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define and compare sensation and perception.

2. Describe how a visual stimulus gets translated into “sight” in the brain.

3. Describe the field of psychophysics.

4. Be able to distinguish distal and proximal stimuli.

5. Explain why illusions provide clues to perceptual mechanisms.

6. Describe Gestalt psychology.

7. Describe the phenomenon of perceptual constancy.

8. Describe the psychological dimensions of sound and the physiology of hearing.

9. Describe the difference between top-down and bottom up processing.

10. Discuss the senses of smell, taste and touch.

 

 

Objectives 8

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define learning.

2. Describe the process of classical conditioning and show how it demonstrates learning by association.

3. Cite examples of extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalizations, and discrimination.

4. Describe the process of operant conditioning.

5. Know the distinction between positive and negative punishment and between positive and negative reinforcement.

6. Describe how observational learning occurs.

7. Discuss the varieties of reinforcement schedules, including fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval and variable interval.

8. Describe cognitive influence on learning.

 

9. Describe biological constraints on learning and some possible effects that learning can have on the functioning of the body.

 

Objective 9

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Define memory.

2. Compare implicit and explicit memory.

3. Compare declarative and procedural memory.

4. Describe the processes of encoding, storage, and retrieval.

5. Describe the characteristics of short-term, long-term, and sensory memory.

6. Define Schema.

7. Describe the accuracy of memory as a reconstructive process.

8. Define amnesia.

9. Describe processes of encoding and retrieval in Long Term Memory (LTM).

10. Describe short term memory (STM), note its limited capacity, and discuss two ways to enhance STM.

11. Compare semantic and episodic memory.

12. Discuss proactive and retroactive interference.

13. Describe chemical and anatomical factors involved in memory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective 10

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Compare inductive and deductive reasoning.

2. Define the concept, “problem”, in information processing terms and describe some ways to improve problem-solving abilities.

3. Discuss the “historical roots of methods for revealing mental processes.”

4. Describe the study of language production.

5. Explain how ambiguity in language can be resolved.

6. Give several examples of how context influences language and understanding.

7. Explain the role of visual imagery in cognition.

8. Discuss the importance of prototypes and schemas in cognition.

9. Describe what we know about the relation between cognition and brain activity.

 

Objective 11

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Describe contrasting views of why human thinking is irrational and prone to error.

2. Explain the notions of heuristic thinking and analytical thinking.

3. Compare definitions of problem solving and decision making.

4. Describe the anchoring bias, availability heuristic, and representativeness heuristic.

5. Discuss why the way a problem is framed can influence a decision.

6. Define decision aversion.

7. Describe how risk affects decision making.

8. Describe at least one way in which memory and decision making can affect each other.

 

Objective 12

After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to:

 

1. Compare emotion and motivation and describe their interrelationships.

2. Describe three theories concerning the sources of motivation.

3. Discuss some of the forces that drive the motivation to eat.

4. Describe some of the factors behind the motivation for sex.

5. Define the need for achievement.

6. Outline the attributions for success and failure in terms of a locus of control orientation.

7. Describe the major theories of emotion and the universality of its expression.

8. Describe the relationship between physical states and the experience of emotions.