Donna asked Janet if she could borrow her minivan to transport her used furniture to Hour Children, a local non-profit

Donna asked Janet if she could borrow her minivan to transport her used furniture to Hour Children, a local non-profit. Janet was reluctant to say yes because she knew Donna’s habit of speeding and her record of prior traffic violations. Despite this, however, because Janet believed in the mission of Hour Children, Janet agreed to let Donna use her minivan.

Donna drove carefully and dropped off her furniture at the Hour Children Thrift Shop. In a rush to return home, Donna drove 35 miles over the speed limit. Donna lost control of the minivan, which tumbled off a ramp and down a hill, crashing into a tree.

Paul witnessed the crash and ran down the hill to help, but in doing so, he stumbled and severely sprained his ankle. Donna got out of the minivan without a scratch, but the minivan sustained extensive damage.

An ambulance took Paul to the hospital, where the Emergency Room doctor taped up his ankle, gave him crutches, and prescribed three months of physical therapy. Paul’s injuries prevented him from opening his new home remodeling business for another three months.

Paul sues Donna and Janet for the injuries he sustained trying to rescue Donna and the income he lost from the three-month delay in opening his business.

Can either Donna, or Janet, or both, be held liable for Paul’s injuries? Explain.

Can Paul recover his medical and therapy costs? From whom? Explain.

Can Paul recover the income lost from the delay in opening his business? From whom? Explain.