During the fourteenth century, Japanese women of aristocratic rank

1. During the fourteenth century, Japanese women of aristocratic rank

A. saw marriage customs change to their detriment.
B. were transformed because of their ability to hold their own property separately from their husbands.
C. became freer due to the stability of the times.
D. began writing fiction, a sign of their increased opportunity for education.

2. What was the most effective remedy for plague?

A. Snake venom
B. Quarantine
C. Abstaining from eating certain foods
D. Armenian clay

3. A group of northern European port cities organized themselves into what came to be called the

A. Commercial League of North Europe.
B. Knights Templar.
C. League of Lubeck.
D. Hanseatic League.

4. One of the benefits that the Mongols brought to Russian lands was

A. defense against German adventurers.
B. the introduction of paper currency.
C. lower taxes.
D. new farming technologies.

5. To find new territory for a growing population, the Song rulers

A. purchased lands from neighboring peoples.
B. sent people to unpopulated regions to the north.
C. conquered territories by military force.
D. colonized underpopulated areas to the southwest.

6. The great Muslim historian Ibn Khaldun saw history as a struggle between

A. different religious groups.
B. rich and poor.
C. merchants and farmers.
D. nomads and settled peoples.

7. In his famous sermon of 1095, Pope Urban II saw Christian Europe as

A. only a small part of Europe and an even smaller part of the larger world.
B. being evenly divided among Europe, Africa, and Asia.
C. a military and economic powerhouse that had always been on the rise.
D. comprising all of Europe, which he thought took up much of the world.

8. The most important outcome of the Mongol peace was the

A. spread of Western ideas to the East.
B. spread of Islam.
C. establishment of a stable, coherent government across Eurasia.
D. transfer of goods and technology from the East to the West.

9. As a result of his stay in Cairo, Mansa Musa caused

A. the city to revolt against its ruler.
B. his slaves to be freed on the stipulation that they converted to Islam.
C. the price of gold to plummet.
D. West African cuisine to be introduced into Egypt.

10. A zimbabwe was a

A. band of warriors.
B. tribal leader.
C. trade route though the desert.
D. fortified administration center.

11. How did powerful families of Japan like the Fujiwara legitimate their power at court?

A. By gaining more wealth than others
B. Through military victories over enemies like the Taira
C. Through the support of Buddhist monks
D. By marrying their daughters into the imperial family

12. Within the Islamic Empire, the Turkic people

A. were completely integrated into the Arabic world.
B. were mainly concerned with trade and commerce.
C. acted as a powerful military shield.
D. were educated people who administered the realm.

13. In Mongol society, the expression “crane catching” referred to

A. the popular pastime of hunting birds.
B. the success of Mongol merchants in establishing long-term contracts with buyers.
C. successful leaders forcing submission from rivals.
D. a mysterious religious practice that’s little understood today.

14. The Delhi Sultanate ruler Radiyya first took power chiefly because

A. she proved herself in battle.
B. she wore men’s clothes.
C. her father chose her as his successor.
D. she killed her brother.

15. In what regions did Latin Christendom expand during the period of the early Mongol expansion?

A. Britain and Spain
B. The Middle East and Spain
C. Prussia and North Africa
D. Finland and Estonia

16. The Khmer city of Angkor was laid out to evoke

A. the power of the new Muslim ruler of the Khmer people.
B. the rhythms of the seasons and of the natural world.
C. ideas of the divine design of the world.
D. the greatness of the Khmer regime.

17. The power of the state increased in Western Europe because of improvements in

A. philosophies of government.
B. relations with the church.
C. military technology.
D. communications.

18. At the time, most commentators in Europe and the Middle East believed that plague was

A. foretold in the Bible.
B. an invader from the Asian steppes.
C. spread by Italian merchants.
D. a method of divine punishment.

19. The economic security of the Inca Empire was based on

A. environmental diversity.
B. extensive trade with the Aztec Empire.
C. intensive maize farming.
D. ruthless massacres of enemy peoples.

20. Zheng He’s achievements include

A. extension of Chinese power over the Indian Ocean.
B. establishment of trade agreements with European explorers.
C. reformation of the Confucian bureaucracy.
D. the discovery of North America.