FIT a straight line trend by the method of least squares to the following data. Assuming that the same rate of change continues, what would be the predicted earnings for the year 2008
Quantitative Techniques Assignment
 FIT a straight line trend by the method of least squares to the following data. Assuming that the same rate of change continues, what would be the predicted earnings for the year 2008?
Year  1999  2000  2001  2002  2003  2004  2005  2006 
Earning in thousand shillings  28  30  55  62  59  50  77  85 
 12 students were given intensive coaching and 5 tests were conducted in a month. The scores of tests 1 and 5 are given below. Do the scores from the tests show an improvement?
No. of students  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11 
Marks in 1^{st} test  50  42  51  26  35  42  60  41  70  55  62 
Marks in 5^{th} test  62  40  61  35  30  52  68  51  84  63  72 
 The number of defects per unit in a sample of 330 units of a manufactured product was found as follows:
Number of defects  0  1  2  3  4 
Number of units  214  92  20  3  1 
Fit a poissson distribution to the data and test for goodness of fit.
 In the accounting department of a bank 100 accounts are selected at random and examined for errors. Suppose the following results have been obtained.
No of error  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7 
No of accounts  35  40  19  32  0  23  2  2 
On the basis of this information can it be concluded that the errors are distributed according to the Poisson probability law? (7 Marks)
 A multiplechoice test consists of 8 questions with 3 answers to each question (of which one is correct). A student answers each question by rolling a balanced dice and checking the first answer if he gets 1 or 2, the second answer if he gets 3 or 4 and the third answer if he gets 5 or 6. To get a distinction, the student, the student must secure at least 75% correct answers. If there is no negative marking, what is the probability that the student secures distinction? (7 Marks)
 A trader alleges that the items he sales weigh 20.5 kgs. To confirm it, a sample of size 7 of items was taken and weight and found to weigh 15,17,19,18,21,16,18. Test the trader assertion at 5% significance level. The relevant extract of t value is given below.
T one tail  0.01  0.05  0.025 
Two tail  0.02  0.1  0.05 
Df 6  3.143  1.943  2.447 
Df 7  2.998  1.895  2.365 
(7 Marks)
 There are 800 in Nairobi campus of Moi University and the probability for any student to need a copy of a particular textbook from the library on any day is 0.05. How many copies of the book should be kept in the university library so that the probability may be greater than 0.9 that none of the students needing a copy from the library has to come back disappointed. (use normal approximation to the binomial probability law) (4 marks)
 A manufacturer who produces fresh juice bottles, find that 0.21% of the bottles are defective. The bottles are packed in boxes containing 500 bottles. A soft drink manufacturer buys 200 boxes from the producer of bottles. Using poisson distribution, find how many boxes will contain;
 No defective
 At least three defective (given e^{0.5}=0.6065) (4 marks)
 Fit a straight line trend by the method of least squares to the following data. Assuming that the same rate of change continues, what would be the predicted earnings for the year 2008?
Year  1999  2000  2001  2002  2003  2004  2005  2006 
Earning in thousand shillings  28  30  55  62  59  50  77  85 
(10 marks)
 A trader alleges that the items he sales weigh 20.5 kgs. To confirm it, a sample of size 7 of items was taken and weight and found to weigh 15,17,19,18,21,16,18. Test the trader assertion at 5% significance level. The relevant extract of t value is given below.
T one tail  0.01  0.05  0.025 
Two tail  0.02  0.1  0.05 
Df 6  3.143  1.943  2.447 
Df 7  2.998  1.895  2.365 
[10 marks]
 The average monthly sales of 5000 firms are normally distributed. Its mean and standard deviation are kshs. 72000 and kshs. 20000 rspectively. Find
 The number of firms the sales of which are over 50000
 The percentage of firms the sales of which will be between kshs. 73000 and kshs. 85000
 The number of the firms the sales of which will be between kshs. 60000 and Kshs. 75000. The relevant extract at the area table (under normal curve) is given below
Z  0.05  0.15  0.6  0.65  1.1 
Area  0.0199  0.0596  0.2257  0.2422  0.3643 
(11 marks)
 A manufacturer of a certain electronic tube claims that the average life span of tubes will exceed 1000 hrs. From past experience the standard deviation is known to be 120 hrs. A retailer is willing to order for a large consignment if the manufacturer’s claim is true. The retailer gets a sample of 36 tubes tested and finds that the sample mean life span is 1040 hrs. (a) should the retailer order for the consignment at α =0.05 level of significance (b) at α = 0.01 level of significance?
 The data about the number of units of production per day turned out by 4 different workers using 5 different types of machines are:
WORKERS

MACHINE TYPE  
A  B  C  D  
1  88  76  94  72  
2  92  80  104  86  
3  68  72  88  64  
4  86  76  92  66  
5  76  84  98  78 
Is there significance difference across workers and machines? Use ANOVA table
(10 marks)
 A manufacturer of TV sets was trying to find out what variables influenced the purchase of a TV set. Level of income was suggested as possible variables influencing the purchase of TV Sets. A sample of 500 households was selected and the information obtained is classified as shown below.
Have TV set Do not have TV set
Low income group 0 250
Middle income group 50 100
High income group 80 20
Is their evidence from the above data of a relationship ownership of TV sets and level of income? (10 Marks)