During the medieval and early modern period, a number of empires and absolutist
states emerged stretching from Europe to East Asia. These include but are not
limited to Qing China, the Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the France of Louis
XIV, Spain, and England. Using any two of these for the purpose of comparison,
discuss how these states/empires were organized and expanded. In what ways
were they similar and where did they differ? How might we explain these
differences? You may focus on politics, economics, the military, education, or
another perspective you would like to explore.