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I need a 3-5 page APA formatted paper written. The topic is how emotional support dogs are a help to college students. It’s a statistics class so the paper needs to be heavy on statistics regarding the topic.
I have attached below my annotated bibliography with the articles that I have looked at already. You are able to add more articles but I need to the sources in the annotated bibliography to be in the paper.
Topic: Emotional support dog being a help to college students
1. Adams, Trenton; Clark, Catherine; Crowell, Victoria; Duffy, Kolleen; Green, Margaret; McEwen, Selena; Wrape, Allison; and Hammonds, Frank (2017) “The mental health benefits of having dogs on college campuses,” Modern Psychological Studies: Vol. 22 : No. 2 , Article 7. Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol22/iss2 (Links to an external site.)
According to the Center for Collegiate Mental Heath 2015 Annual Report, 100,736 students at the 139 colleges and universities contributing to the report sought counseling during the 2014-2015 academic year, with 79,331 students attending at least one counseling appointment.
College students with mental illnesses are about twice as likely as other students to drop out of college. Whether it is anxiety, depression, autism, or any of the other issues faced by college students, it is clear that many students are experiencing psychological challenges. The need for mental health services for college students has increased and it is important that colleges work to meet the demand (Center for Collegiate Mental Heath, 2015). Scientific research and evidence support the idea that college students with mental illness experience intolerance from other students on a significant scale; this issue has become increasingly relevant as the number of students with mental illness attending college has increased (Granello & Granello, 2000). Colleges must work to educate their students on the importance of mental health while working to destigmatize mental illnesses in order for their students to feel comfortable enough to seek the counseling services provided. Salzer (2012) stated that getting students involved on campus, especially students with mental illnesses, is key to getting more students to graduate and found that students who are actively involved in campus activities are more likely to graduate, regardless of whether or not they suffer from a mental illness. Shearer, Hunt, Chowdhury, and Nicol (2016) conducted a study that compared the effects that mindfulness meditation and interacting with a therapy dog had on the anxiety and stress levels of college students. Students who may be more uncomfortable with seeking counseling services may find obtaining a therapy dog to be an acceptable alternative since having a pet is common among college students and is not likely to cause much objection or judgment among friends and family. Bringing more animals onto college campuses may be an effective, relatively inexpensive way to help students deal with psychological issues and may increase the chances that they will learn about, participate in, and continue with traditional college counseling services.
2.Bergen, C. W. V. (2015). Emotional Support Animals, Service Animals, and Pets on Campus. files.eric..ed.gov. Retrieved 2015, from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1062480.pdf.
A psychological impedance incorporates any psychological or mental problem, like mental impediment, natural cerebrum condition, passionate or dysfunctional behavior, and explicit learning incapacities, just as mental issues or enthusiastic or psychological maladjustments including sadness, bipolar confusion, nervousness issues (counting PTSD), schizophrenia, behavioral conditions, and other comparable conditions recognized in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (2013; DSM-5) that essentially restricts at least one significant life exercises.A letter from the understudy clarifying the requirement for the creature, the kind of creature, a portrayal of the creature, the creature’s name, regardless of whether the creature is A marked letter, on proficient letterhead, from the understudy’s physical or mental medical care supplier or authorized advisor or other qualified proficient that incorporates, at least, the idea of the candidate’s handicap, the supplier’s viewpoint that the condition influences a significant life movement, how the creature is important to give the weakened understudy admittance to the college’s lodging or business settings, and the connection between the inability and the help the creature gives. Also, creature convenience solicitations might be denied if (1) the particular creature being referred to represents an immediate danger to the wellbeing or security of others that can’t be diminished or dispensed with by another sensible convenience, or (2) the particular help creature being referred to would make significant actual harm the property of others that can’t be decreased or killed by another sensible convenience. Different sites currently offer confirmations, enrollments, supports, ID labels, clothing recognizing the creature as an assistance creature or ESA, and assessment letters from psychological wellness experts featuring the incapacity and how the presence of a creature is advantageous to a person’s emotional well-being. Concerning lodging, a lodging supplier is needed to make a sensible convenience for a help creature and may request documentation that the requester of such a convenience has an incapacity and that there is a handicap related requirement for an assistance creature. Besides, the DOJ’s direction on assistance creatures additionally showed that “individuals with handicaps who use administration creatures can’t be detached from different supporters, treated less well than different benefactors, or charged expenses that are not charged to different benefactors without creatures (2011). The right of a person with a psychological inability to a help creature or ESA relies upon the kind of creature, the capacity that the creature performs, and the setting wherein the right is stated.
3 Smith, M. G., Ballard, S., & Willis, J. (2021). The Rise in Use of Emotional Support Animals by College Students: The Impact of Parenting Styles. Georgia Journal of College Student Affairs, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.20429/gcpa.2021.370104 (Links to an external site.)
With an end goal to more readily comprehend this hole, the motivation behind the review was to investigate the nurturing practices of the guardians/guardians of understudies utilizing an enthusiastic help creature contrasted with the nurturing practices of the guardians/parental figures of understudies without a passionate help creature while going to school. Albeit a profundity of studies has been directed connecting nurturing styles to scholastic results and passionate prosperity, research investigating the nurturing practices of understudies with enthusiastic help creatures has not been investigated. The general reason for this review was to investigate the nurturing practices of the guardians/parental figures of understudies utilizing a passionate help creature in contrast with understudies without an enthusiastic help creature while going to school. Both quantitative and subjective information were gathered simultaneously from understudies tried out a medium-sized provincial southern college, who either had a passionate help creature (ESA) or who didn’t have an enthusiastic help creature (ESA). Two essential enlistment procedures were utilized: 1) understudies were educated with regards to the deliberate review through the week after week email declarations dispersed to all understudies at the college through their grounds email and 2) the college lodging office sent an email about the intentional review to understudies who had an enthusiastic help creature living nearby in their home lobby. Albeit more understudies without ESAs partook in the review; there were just 27 understudies with ESAs who took part in the review. Subjective information was likewise gathered by utilizing one open-finished inquiry created by the analysts to distinguish arising topics that were diverse among the two gatherings (understudies with ESAs and understudies without ESAs) to more readily address the examination questions. Nurturing Behaviors Questionnaire (PBQ) For the Parenting Behaviors Questionnaire (PBQ), a matched example two followed t-test was led to recognize contrasts in nurturing practices of the guardians/parental figures of members with ESAs versus the practices of the guardians/guardians of members without ESAs on a college grounds. By contrasting the nurturing practices among understudies and ESAs to understudies without an ESA, the information uncovered key contrasts in nurturing practices and guardian connections. Most of understudies with ESAs taking part in the review were the most youthful in their kin birth request; though, most of understudies without ESAs were the most established in their kin birth request.
4.Thelwell E. (2019). Paws for Thought: A Controlled Study Investigating the Benefits of Interacting with a House-Trained Dog on University Students Mood and Anxiety. Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 9(10), 846. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9100846
In an effort to better understand this gap, the purpose of the study was to explore the parenting behaviors of the parents/caregivers of students using an emotional support animal compared to the parenting behaviors of the parents/ caregivers of students without an emotional support animal while attending college.This study investigates whether interacting with a dog would have a positive effect on university students’ mood and anxiety. Students were assigned to either watch videos of a dog or interact directly with a dog. Several measures were collected both before and after their assigned conditions to evaluate their mood and anxiety levels and to assess for possible changes. The results indicated that participants in both conditions experienced a reduction in their anxiety and an improvement in their mood across time, however those who directly interacted with a dog experienced a greater decline in anxiety and improved mood scores.
5.Reichel, C., & About The Author Chloe Reichel Research Reporter Chloe Reichel worked for The Journalist’s Resource from 2017 to 2020. Previously she worked at the Vineyard Gazette. Her work has also appeared in Cambridge Day. (2020, December 17). From best friend to therapist: Research on emotional support animals. The Journalist’s Resource. Retrieved September 28, 2021, from https://journalistsresource.org/economics/emotional-support-animals-research/ (Links to an external site.)
Branch of Justice composes that enthusiastic help animals “furnish solace just by being with an individual,” recognizing them from administration animals, which are “prepared to play out a particular work or task” and have unique insurances under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA). The government Air Carrier Access Act has arrangements for passionate help creatures, which might fly with their proprietors gave there is satisfactory documentation (e.g., a note from an authorized medical services proficient) or potentially adequate notification. Incapacitated individuals with passionate help creatures are ensured in the domain of lodging under the Fair Housing Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as per the U.S. It additionally dives into one more disputable part of ESAs — regardless of whether the creatures give advantages to their proprietors — by taking a gander at research on the impacts of ESAs on wellbeing.