Introduce the topic by explaining the role of the nervous system, motor pathway, nerve impulses, muscular system and skeletal system in the process of movement. Explain how these systems interact to produce movement in general 

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Instructions For Movement Summary

This summary is about movement.  Movement in the human body is possible due to specific interactions between the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems.  To complete this assignment, you will describe these interactions as the body goes through specific actions.

Required Elements

The summary must have the following elements as you describe the interactions that occur during movement:

1)  An Introduction: Introduce the topic by explaining the role of the nervous system, motor pathway, nerve impulses, muscular system and skeletal system in the process of movement. Explain how these systems interact to produce movement in general (do not describe specific movements here).

2)  Motor Pathway: A paragraph including an explanation of what a motor pathway is and the purpose it serves in the process of movement.  A description of the specific path nerve signals travel through the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves and peripheral nerves so that the brain is able to send signals to control the muscles and cause the movement at the joint between the bones. (The motor pathway as discussed in class) – This pathway is described only once in general, NOT for each specific movement!

3)  Nerve Impulse: A paragraph including an explanation of what a nerve impulse is and its role in the process of creating movement, as well as an explanation of the process by which a nerve impulse is initiated in the neurons of the motor pathway, propagated down their axons and passed to the next neurons in the pathway before finally stimulating the muscle at the synapse (as discussed in class)

4)  Conclusion: A paragraph providing an example of how these systems interact by writing a description of the interactions between the nerves, muscles and bones going through a specific set of movements.  For each movement listed in the scenario below, you should describe specifically what happens.  Be sure to:

a.  Name the movements that occur at the joints (flexion, elevation, extension abduction etc.).

b.  Name the specific nerves that stimulate the specific muscles to contract & pull the specific bones to produce specific movements at the joint (include the articulation points between the bones).

c.  DO NOT LIST the nerves, muscles and bones involved!  Name them as you describe how they are interacting with each other to produce movement.  See the example below.

5)  College Level Scientific Writing: Include the resources used on a work cited page at the end of the summary. The sources should be written in APA format. The summary should be double spaced. DO NOT use first, second or third person anywhere within the summary. Do not make non-factual statements and do not include extraneous information – remain on topic. The summary should demonstrate proper syntax and lack spelling, grammar and punctuation errors. The summary should be written in your own words!

Example for # 4: “To kick a ball requires flexion, followed by rapid extension at the knee.  To flex the knee, a nerve impulse passes through the motor pathway, exits the spinal cord via the spinal nerves making up the sacral plexus, and passes into the sciatic nerve.  This nerve stimulates the biceps femoris, semimembranosus & semitendinosus to contract.  When these muscles contract, they pull the tibia and fibula posterior and up toward the back of the femur, the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia slide backward on the medial and lateral condyles of the femur.  Once the knee is flexed, it must be extended.  To extend the knee, a nerve impulse…

Scenario used for # 4 only

You see a delicious cookie on the table in front of you.  You decide you will try one.  To do this you must:

1)  Lift your arm directly in front of you to reach for the cookie – describe movement at the shoulder

2)  Grasp the cookie with your fingers and your thumb – describe movements at the MP joints

3)  Bring the cookie to your mouth – describe 2 movements – first rotate (palm up) and then bend the elbow

Resources

  1. You do not need to include in-text citations within the summary, but you do need to create a “Resources” page to include at the end of the summary. 
  2. You are expected to use the course materials for your sources.   Your sources will include:
    • Lecture Notes
    • Review materials
    • Labs
    • Lesson Recordings
  3. You can only use sources outside of the course to find the nerves that stimulate the muscles you need for your summary.  You should NOT use outside sources for other items in the summary.  You should use the course materials.
  4. When creating a citation on the “Resources” page,  write them in APA style.  The course materials are considered to be “Electronic Sources”.  Use the link below for help with proper APA style formatting for the electronic resources that you use:

https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html

RUBRIC IS IN ATTACHED FILE AND DO’S AND DON’T’S IS IN THE ADDITIONAL ATTACHED FILE

 

ist of Do’s and Don’ts for the Final Summary

 

Do’s Don’ts
· Do use the rubric to verify that you have included all required components of the summary · Don’t lose points by leaving something out! If it is not there, I can’t give you points.
College level, scientific writing:

· Do use proper APA style on the work cited page with citations in proper APA style

· Summary should be double spaced

· No 1st, 2nd or 3rd person – Don’t refer to a person at all within the summary

· Only include factual statements that pertain to the process of movement

· Do check your spelling, punctuation, sentence structure and grammar

College level, scientific writing:

Don’t use other styles for citations on work cited page

· Don’t write a summary that is single spaced

· Don’t use 1st, 2nd or 3rd person

· Don’t make nonfactual statements like

“Movement is the most complex process”

“Movement is an amazing process”

· Don’t include information about the body that does not pertain to the process of movement.

· Don’t skip proof reading your summary for errors

Introduction: Do be sure to write a thorough introduction that pertains to the interaction that takes place during movement.

· Do introduce the main ideas from each section of the summary, providing a brief explanation of:

· The roles of the nervous, muscular and skeletal system in movement, and how they interact to produce movement

· What a motor pathway is and its purpose in producing movement

· What a nerve impulse is and the purpose it serve in producing movement

· The effects of muscle contractions on the bones & joints of the skeleton which allow the body to complete tasks

· Do stick to the facts and verify the accuracy of your explanations

 

Introduction: Don’t lose points by doing the following:

· Don’t list “what will be discussed” in the summary

· Don’t omit one of the main ideas from a section

· Don’t include extraneous information that does not pertain to movement – stay on topic

· Don’t make nonfactual statements like “Movement is the most complex process”

“Movement is an amazing process”

· Don’t make incorrect statements in your explanations

Motor Pathway:

· Do explain what a motor pathway is and the purpose it serves in producing movements

· Do use your notes and other materials to verify that the motor pathway is described completely and correctly.

Motor Pathway:

· Don’t omit the initial explanation

· Don’t leave out portions of the pathway

· Don’t skip proof reading this section for accuracy

Nerve Impulse:

· Do explain what a nerve impulse is and its purpose in producing movement

· Do use your notes and other materials to verify that the mechanism for how a nerve impulse is initiated in the somas, passed down the axons and transmitted to the next neurons in the pathway is correct.

Nerve Impulse:

· Don’t omit the initial explanation

· Don’t omit parts of this process

· Don’t skip proof reading this section for accuracy

· ·
Conclusion – The complete interaction:

· Do look up and verify that you are identifying the motion at the joint correctly for the action you are trying to complete.

· Do look up which muscles produce the movement you have identified at the joint – Verify!

· Do look up which nerves stimulate the muscles you have identified for that movement – Verify!

· Do write a specific description of interactions that occur between the nerves, muscle and bones when describing the motion at a joint!

· Do include how the nerves interact with the muscles during the movement

· Do include how the muscles interact with the bones during the movement

· Do include how the movement occurs at the articulation points between the bones at the joint

· Do be descriptive and specific in how the bones move at the joint – use directional terms to distinguish between flexion, extension adduction

 

See full example of kicking a ball on instructions!

 

Conclusion – The complete interaction:

· Don’t get the motions at the joint wrong. If the motion is wrong than all the muscles and nerves will be wrong too

· Don’t guess at the nerves and muscles needed to produce the specific movements you have identified – use your resources! You may need to name some structures that were not studied in class.

· Don’t create a list the muscles, bones and nerves involved in a motion and think that you are done! That is only a rough organization of the facts you need to write a description of the interaction between these structures. Example of what NOT to do: “To flex the knee involves the sciatic nerve. It synapses with the 3 hamstrings, the semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris, which are connected to the the tibia, fibula and femur.”

· Don’t describe the anatomy in place of how these structures interact…. If you describe how the knee is put together and how the muscles attach… ok … then describe how they interact. (Description of the anatomy is not necessary)

· Don’t describe the interaction between the nerves, muscles and bones in the wrong order! The interaction is specific and occurs in a specific sequence.

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