(Learning Objective 3: Explain GAAP and apply the lower-of-cost-or-market rule to inventories) Stillwater Trade Mart has recently had lackluster sales. The rate of inventory turnover has dropped, and the merchandise is gathering dust. At the same time, competition has forced Stillwater’s suppliers to lower the prices that Stillwater will pay when it replaces its inventory.It is now December 31, 2014, and the current replacement cost of Stillwater’s ending inventory is $8,000 below what Stillwater actually paid for the goods, which was $101,000. Before any adjustments at the end of the period, the Cost of Goods Sold account has a balance of $490,000.
a. What accounting action should Stillwater take in this situation?
b. Give any journal entry required.
c. At what amount should Stillwater report Inventory on the balance sheet?
d. At what amount should the company report Cost of Goods Sold on the income statement?
e. Discuss the accounting principle or concept that is most relevant to this situation