MM totally ignore the fact that as you borrow more,
1. “MM totally ignore the fact that as you borrow more, you have to pay higher rates of interest.” Explain carefully whether this is a valid objection.
2. Indicate what’s wrong with the following arguments:
a. “As the firm borrows more and debt becomes risky, both stockholders and bondholders demand higher rates of return. Thus by reducing the debt ratio we can reduce both the cost of debt and the cost of equity, making everybody better off.”
b. “Moderate borrowing doesn’t significantly affect the probability of financial distress or bankruptcy. Consequently moderate borrowing won’t increase the expected rate of return demanded by stockholders.”