In order to prepare for this case study, you will need to review Chapter 13, “Police and the Law,” in your textbook. In your case study, you will address the following:
Analyze and explain the use of the exclusionary rule by the Supreme Court of the United States.
Define how the exclusionary rule has affected the use of evidence acquired from police search and seizure cases.
Compare and contrast each of the following cases and the effects that the ruling decision by the Supreme Court has had on evidence obtained from police search and seizure.
- What constitutes a reasonable search (include information regarding the ways that the police can use probable cause and execute a search warrant)?
How is search and seizure governed by the Fourth Amendment?
- How do you feel that the police could have completed their searches in these cases more efficiently?
Base your case study on the following three cases:
- Weeks v. United States (1914)—Exclusionary rule applied to federal law enforcement agencies
Rochin v. California (1952)—Exclusionary rule applied to all cases involving extreme police misconduct
- Mapp v. Ohio (1961)—Exclusionary rule applied to all law enforcement agencies (local, state, and federal)