The Term Arete is a Greek word that means:
A.Excellence or Virtue
B.Good or Happy
D.Logic or Reason
According to Aristotle, the moral person cannot exist apart from ________ that enables him or her to develop the requisite virtues for the good life.
A.A religious setting
B.A social setting
C.A political setting
D.A family setting
According to Carol Gilligan, what do women tend to focus on more intently than men (in relation to ethics)?
What are Plato’s four primary integrated virtues?
A.Happiness, Piety, Honesty, and Frankness
B.Good will, Mirth, Whimsy, and Trust
C.Piety, Trust, Courage, and Faith
D.Wisdom, Courage, Temperance, and Justice
What do humans use to understand and recognize natural law?
C.The Human Heart
Who said this quote “there is in nature a common principle of the just and unjust that all people in some way divine [discern], even if they have no association or commerce with each other.”
According to Aristotle, how do we learn virtue?
C.By divine intervention
What does Aristotle use the word Eudaimonia to mean?
D.All of the Above
What Moral theory is Thomas Aquinas most commonly associated with?
B.The Ethics of Care
C.Natural Law Theory
According to The Golden Mean, __________ in all things is paramount.
In the ethics of care, the social and communal nature of humans is contrasted to the more______ perspective of rights based theories.
In the Ethics of Care, which one of these people was NOT an influential contributor to the theory.
B.Zora Neale Hurston
What moral theory is this quote attributed to: ‘The “conscience” is the pedagogue (teacher) to the soul.
B.Ethics of care
D.Natural Law Theory
Natural Law theory is a form of ______ ethics, while ethics of care and virtue ethics are examples of ______ ethics.
A.Character based and Deontological
B.Feminist and philosophical
C.Deontological and Character based
D.Good and Bad
What is the goal of life in Aretic (Virtue) ethics?
A.To live well and achieve excellence
B.To become rich and famous
C.To serve others and humble oneself
D.To follow strict rules in all situations
In consequential ethics, an action is right if it promotes the ______________.
C.will of God
Consequentialism forges a link between _________ & _________.
A.happiness & consequences
B.will & power
C.truth & lies
D.universalism & absolutism
Saying that “we should always act to maximize our own individual interests,” is a form of consequentialism known as __________.
Saying that “we should act to maximize the happiness of all those who are affected by the action,” is a form of consequentialism known as __________.
B.just war theory
Those who are inherently against laws or rules, are known as __________.
Is this statement true: “In order to do determine the best consequence, some argue that you must add up the happiness in one person and then multiply the total happiness in the total number of people and subtract the total pain. If the result is positive then the action is good. If the result is negative then the action is bad”?
D.I have no idea
One argument against utilitarianism, is that utilitarian acts have no __________.
Which philosopher/ethicist is NOT associated with utilitarian thought:
C.John Stuart Mill
Karl Popper’s idea, written about in The Open Society & Its Enemies (1945), argues that we should promote the least amount of evil or harm; and prevent the greatest amount of harm for the greatest number. This is known as ________.
John S. Mill argues that cultural, intellectual, and spiritual pleasures are of greater values than just mere physical pain or pleasure. Because his system is still based on the pursuit of pleasure, it is a form of _________ utilitarianism.
G. E. Moore argued that the rightness or wrongness of acts is determined by their actual consequences. He believed that our duty was to produce the best possible consequences. This is known as __________ utilitarianism.
In Consequentialism, whether an act is morally right depends only on consequences , NOT on _____________.
B.the intrinsic nature of the act
C.anything that happens before the act
D.all of the above
In Universal Consequentialism, moral rightness depends on the consequences for ____________________, as opposed to only the individual agent, present people, or any other limited group.
A.all people or sentient beings
B.all people in your own country
C.your immediate family and friends
D.humans but not animals
Mill was an advocate of rule utilitarianism. In this system you obey those rules which experience has shown will produce the greatest happiness of the greatest number. When you always know what people will do you get _________________.
A.boredom and tedium
B.predictability and security
C.power and insight
D.truth and lies
Although he favored democracy, Mill sees the possibility for domination of the minority (smaller groups) by the majority (larger groups) under a strict system of _________. Accordingly, Mill argues that safeguards be put in place to protect the interests and viewpoints of minorities in the political process. This is the idea behind our Bill of rights.
A. vote one person”
B.“cogito ergo sum”