POST PSY341 ALL UNITS QUIZZES – MARCH 2016

ALL 100% CORRECT 

POST PSY 341 UNIT 1 QUIZ ETHICS

Question 1

33 out of 33 points

Milgrim’s study might be considered unethical because it puts the
participants under emotional duress.

Question 2

33 out of 33 points

Milgrim’s study might be considered unethical because it causes
physical harm to participants by shocking them.

The participants themselves were not shocked. They were asked to
shock actors who they were told were also participants. The actors were only pretending
to be shocked.

Question 3

0 out of 34 points

Another reason Milgrim’s study might be considered unethical is
that it involves deception without debriefing the participants at the end.
Which of the following principles does that involve the most?

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 2 Quiz – Hypothesis, IVs, and DVs

• Question 1

0 out of 33 points

Which of the following is a hypothesis from the study?

“There is a statistically significant lower depression levels
onthe older adults in the music group than those in a non-music group.”

“The findings contribute to knowledge about the
effectivenessof music used as an intervention to relieve depression forolder
adults.”

“Recent studies have shown that giving participants a choice
of music lowered anxiety, promoted relaxation and led to effective treatment
(Hsu & Lai 2004, Lee et al. 2005, Chang et al. 2008, Chan et al.
2009).”

1 There is a statistically significant lower depression levels
onthe older adults in the music group than those in a non-music group.

(see page 777).

• Question 2

0 out of 33 points

Please take a look at the following article: Chan et al – Effects
of music on depression in older people.pdf

Which of the following is the Independent Variable?

Music

Depression

Older People

All of the Above

• Question 3

34 out of 34 points

Which of the following is the Dependent Variable of this study?

Response Feedback: Use the following format: The effect of ___(the
IV)___ on ___(the DV)___.

The IV is the influencer.

The DV is the outcome.

The IV controls the DV.

The DV is dependent upon the IV

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 3 Quiz – Sample

Question 1

33 out of 33 points

How many participants were there in the study?

40

20

40

50

The number of participants was omitted from the article by the
authors.

“The subjects were 40 males between the ages of 20 and 50,
drawn from New Haven and the surrounding communities.”

(see page 372).

Question 2

33 out of 33 points

What was the gender of the participants in the study?

Men

Women

Men

Women and Men

The genders of the participants were omitted by the author.

“The subjects were 40 males between the ages of 20 and 50,
drawn from New Haven and the surrounding communities.”

(see page 372)

Question 3

34 out of 34 points

Correct

What was the ethnicity of the participants in the study?

The ethnicity of the participants was omitted by the author.

100% Caucasian

100% African American

50% White 50% Black

The ethnicity of the participants was omitted by the author.

No information listed on p. 372 or elsewhere in the article.

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 4 Quiz – Operationalizations

Question 1

0 out of 17 points

The Independent Variable of the above article is playing violent
video games. How is that operationalized?

Having all participants sign an informed consent form.

Playing a video game twice a week for 2 hours each time.

Filling out the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ).

Finding that playing violent video games leads to an increase in
aggressive attitudes.

Question 2

0 out of 17 points

One of the Dependent Variables of the above article is Trait
Aggression. How is that operationalized?

Having the participants sign an informed consent form

Having the participants play video games twice a week for two
hours.

Finding that playing violent video games leads to an increase in
aggressive studies.

The operationalization refers to how the variable is measured,
represented, or made tangible.

For the operationalized IV see page 598. The idea of “playing
violent video games” is operationalized by playing Grand Theft Auto twice
a week for two hours.

For the operationalized DV see page 599. The idea of “Trait
Aggression” is operationalized by asking a person (through a
questionnaire) about his or her aggression.

Question 3

17 out of 17 points

Please take a look at the following article: Teng et al – Video
games and Aggression.pdf

The study has three Dependent Variables: Trait Aggression,
Attitudes toward Violence, and empathy. Which of the following was not an
operationalization of any of those three variables?

State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)

Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ)

State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)

Attitudes Toward Violence Scale (ATVS)

Emotional Empathy Scale

Question 4

0 out of 17 points

Would this be a good operationalization? Dr Jackson wants to
measure depression by asking for a person’s level of suicidality.

Yes

No

Question 5

16 out of 16 points

Would this be a good operationalization? Dr. Rivera wants to
measure happiness by observing how frequently a person smiles

Yes

No

Although someone can smile and not be happy, that occurs less
often and would be an exception to the norm. Thus, smiling is a good indicator
of happiness.

Question 6

16 out of 16 points

Would this be a good operationalization? Dr. Cheng wants to
measure intelligence by recording how much a person sleeps.

Yes

No

 

 

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 5 Quiz – Quantitative and Qualitative Experiments

Question 1

0 out of 17 points

Please take a look at the following article: Rensburg – The
effects of exercise on cigarette cravings.pdf

Question 2

17 out of 17 points

It is clear the experimenter knows the conditions for each participant
(so it isn’t double blind). It is unclear as to whether or not the participants
knew of the other condition (if they were aware, it would be non-blind – if
they were not aware, it would be single blind)

Question 3

17 out of 17 points

Please take a look at the following study: Rensburg – The effects
of exercise on cigarette cravings.pdf

Question 4

0 out of 17 points

You are an experimenter, and you give your participants the prompt
of: “Tell me about your favorite food.” You then create a number of themes that
you find based on their responses. Which type of study is this?

Question 5

0 out of 16 points

You are an experimenter, and your study involves examining a very
specific area of substance use. You review the literature and form the
hypothesis that adolescents are more likely to drink alcohol if their peers are
drinking it than compared to if their parents are drinking it. Which type of
study is this most likely to be?

Question 6

0 out of 16 points

You are an experimenter, and you want to learn more about fish.
You scuba dive underwater and take notes on the general behaviors and habits of
fish. Which type of study is this most likely to be?

 

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 6 Quiz – Results

Question 1

33 out of 33 points

What was the statistical test used for all of the four hypotheses
in the above article?

Question 2

0 out of 33 points

Why was the t-test the most appropriate test for all four
hypotheses?

Question 3

34 out of 34 points

Correct

Which of the following were not compared using a t-test in the
above study?

 

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 7 Quiz – Interpreting Results

Question 1

33 out of 33 points

An experiment examines the effect of age on anxiety. In this
dataset, people were divided into two groups: those below 30 and those above
70. The numbers below each group reflect how much anxiety they reported from 0
(no anxiety) to 100 (extreme anxiety). The higher the number, the more anxiety
they reported.

Looking at the provided output of the data, where would you find
who reported more anxiety?

Question 2

33 out of 33 points

An experiment examines the effect of age on anxiety. In this
dataset, people were divided into two groups: those below 30 and those above
70. The numbers below each group reflect how much anxiety they reported from 0
(no anxiety) to 100 (extreme anxiety). The higher the number, the more anxiety
they reported.

Looking at the provided output of the data, who reported having
less anxiety?

Question 3

34 out of 34 points

An experiment examines the effect of age on anxiety. In this
dataset, people were divided into two groups: those below 30 and those above
70. The numbers below each group reflect how much anxiety they reported from 0
(no anxiety) to 100 (extreme anxiety). The higher the number, the more anxiety
they reported.

Looking at the provided output of the data, you can see that those
who were above 70 reported having less anxiety than those below 30. Did they
report having significantly less anxiety?

 

 

POST PSY 341 Unit 8 Quiz – Discussion

Question 1

33 out of 33 points

 

Please take a look at the following article: Regan et al –
Love-based and arranged marriages.pdf

A discussion section usually consists of 5 components:

1. Presents the implications of the findings.

2. Compares its findings to the findings of previous research and
provides reasons for any discrepancies.

3. Discusses the limitations of the study.

4. Provides suggestions for future studies.

5. Concludes the study with a brief take-home message (This one
isn’t really there for this article).

Point #2 states that the findings of this article were compared to
the findings of previous studies. Which of the following was not a previous
study compared to the findings of the current study?

Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S. (1986) Measuring passionate love
in intimate relationships. Journal of Adolescence, 9, 383-410.

Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S. (1986) Measuring passionate love
in intimate relationships. Journal of Adolescence, 9, 383-410.

Amato, P. R., Johnson, D. R., Booth, A., & Rogers, S. J.
(2003) Continuity and change in marital quality between 1980 and 2000. Journal
of Marriage and Family, 65, 1-22.

Sprecher, S., & Regan, P. C. (1998) Passionate and
companionate love in courting and young married couples. Sociological Inquiry,
68, 163-185.

 

Question 2

33 out of 33 points

A discussion section usually consists of 5 components:

1. Presents the implications of the findings.

2. Compares its findings to the findings of previous research and
provides reasons for any discrepancies.

3. Discusses the limitations of the study.

4. Provides suggestions for future studies.

5. Concludes the study with a brief take-home message (This one
isn’t really there for this article).

Which of the following was not a reported limitation of the
current study?

The study had low face validity.

The participants were adults living in the U.S.

There was a small sample size.

Question 3

34 out of 34 points

A discussion section usually consists of 5 components:

1. Presents the implications of the findings.

2. Compares its findings to the findings of previous research and
provides reasons for any discrepancies.

3. Discusses the limitations of the study.

4. Provides suggestions for future studies.

5. Concludes the study with a brief take-home message (This one
isn’t really there for this article).

Which of the following was a suggestion for future studies
provided by the authors?

To use a bigger sample.

To replicate the same study again.

See the last sentence on page 922.