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PLEASE SEE THE PSYCHIATRIC SOAP EXAMPLE PROVIDED

I NEED, YOU COVER EACH HEADING IN THE EXAMPLE, IN 2 PAGES, NOT NEED BE LONG AS THE EXAMPLE, JUST COVER THOSE AREAS, BUT NOT MISS ANY OF THEM.

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TOPIC: DEPRESSION

DUE DATE FEBRUARY 17, 2023

DEPRESSION WITH PSYCHOTIC FEATURES

Running Head: DEPRESSION WITH PSYCHOTIC FEATURES

SOAP Note:

SOAP Note: 48-year-old Hispanic Female with Depression with Psychotic Features

IDENTIFYING DATA

MM is a 48-year-old, divorced, a Hispanic female who was brought to the clinic by her son after been discharge two days ago from a crisis unit after an episode of psychosis.

CHIEF COMPLAINT

“Feeling that the FBI is following me, and my parents want to poison me.”

FAMILY HISTORY

Patient reports that her 67-year-old mother was born in Cuba, she emigrated to the United States a year ago with her father. Her mother completed high school, and is not currently working; she does not speak English and relies solely on the patient’s income for support. Mother does have a history of hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis, also reports a history of depression, which the patient’s called “un Estado de nervios.” Patient’s 69-year-old father completed high school and worked as a mechanic in his native country, and he is not currently working because he is waiting for his work permit. He has a medical history of hypertension, obesity, and benign prostate hypertrophy. Patient’s father does not have an account of substance or mental health problems. However, he smokes a pack of cigarettes daily. A patient has one sibling, a younger sister who was still living in Cuba; her sister is healthy and has no history of substance abuse or mental health problems. The patient also reports that in her mother side, two of her aunts suffered from postpartum depression, as well as one of her cousins. She also states that two of her uncles were alcoholic. In her father side, the patient reports a history of substance abuse by two of her paternal uncles.

PERSONAL HISTORY

Patient reports having no birth issues, she was born a standard delivery, full term, and with no complications. The patient also reports completing all the milestones, doing well in school. She states that the only issues growing up were her father incarceration for ten years as a political prisoner, which was very traumatic, and she became very fearful after that. Since that time, she has never been able to speak up her mind. She states,” I rather don’t say anything, even when I know it is not right.”

MEDICAL HISTORY

The patient does not have health insurance, and the last time she saw a physician was when she did physical for her employment. Her immunizations are up to date, and she does not have either a food or medication allergy. She has a history of endometriosis, what she states, “it resolved in her mid-thirties.” She also injured her back a year ago, and she said that she received injections, but she does not know the name of the medication. She denies any other problems, except for occasional cold and sore throat. Which is treated with over the counter medications. Otherwise, she has never hospitalized, except during childbirth, which was standard delivery. Currently, the patient is taking multivitamins and sleepy time tea. She has not had a mammography or PAP smear in the last five years. Her laboratory results show microcity anemia and slightly elevated LDL. Laboratory results on admission to her hospitalization included thyroid-stimulating hormone, and thyroxine were all within reasonable limits. Her blood pressure and weight are within normal limits.

SOCIAL HISTORY

Patient shares a two-bedroom apartment with her mother and father. She reports been married for two years to the father of her son. Since that time, she has not had any romantic relationships or sexual relationships because her life was dedicated to her son. She has no friends currently, only some coworkers whom she frequents. Patient states, “I work from 7 AM to 11 PM, I have to support my family, I have no time for friends”, She denies having any hobbies or interest. She enjoys watching Spanish television. She does not smoke, drinks alcohol, or consume any illegal substances. Patient denies any history of legal problems. Patient only son is a 19-year-old college student who accompanies the patient to this evaluation. She reports having a great relationship with her son and that his living to school has been very hard on her.

OCCUPATIONAL HISTORY

The patient is a high school graduated, with no history of military service, and has a nursing assistant certificate. She has two jobs, and she states,” the situations are very demanding, I have two expend most of the time bathing patients and feeding them.” I have been working steadily for the past two years without a vacation or a weekend off”. Patient reports that due to her recent hospitalization, she has reduced her work hours to 40 hours a week.

PAST PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY

Patient denies any history of outpatient or psychiatric hospitalization before the admission described above. She was discharged two days ago from the crisis unit. She was started in

Risperdal 2 mg. At bedtime, Trazodone 100 mg PO HS, and citalopram 20 mg. In the AM. Patient reports having an episode of depression right after the birth of her son, she denies having any treatment or follows up for the incident. She states” after giving birth to my son, I felt sad, tired and had weird thoughts, for months I did not feel any happiness, it lasted about two years, then it went away.” No history of suicidal or assaultive behavior.

HISTORY Of PRESENT ILLNESS

Patient reports feeling nervous since her son left for college back six months ago. In the last three months, her sleep deteriorates to the point that she was only sleeping for two or three hours at night.Two weeks ago, after working in the night shift, she thought that people were following her, she saw lights everywhere and became very frightened. She also reports at that time starting hearing voices telling her that the FBI was after her. The patient also has lost about 10 pounds, because she believed that her parents want to poison her. She states,” I was so scared that I decided to drive my car against a tree.” Patient reports that the symptoms were so frightening that she stopped her car in the middle of the road and asked a policeman for help. Son says that his mother has been experiencing lack of sleep and mood swings since moving to the United States about five years ago. Son reports his mother works all the time, and that at times she becomes irritable and distant. PHQ-9 was administered, and her score was 25, which indicates “severe depression.”

IMPRESSION:

48-year-old Hispanic female with a family history of depression and a personal account of untreated postpartum depression. Who now presents with auditory hallucinations, paranoid thinking, sleep disturbances, and loss of interest in daily activities that were aggravated by son moving to college and working in multiple jobs for about 16 hours a day. Patient under a lot of stress due by her economic situation, she feels responsible for her parents and son. Patient presentation is consistent with a recurrent Major depression disorder with psychotic features. The treatment will be the focus on helping her and her family to decrease the patient stressors, such as working long hours and loneliness. Psychotic symptoms are associated with numerous social factors, such as migration and urban upbringing. Isolation is related to positive traits and depression. Symptoms of paranoia, precisely the impression that other people are giving odd looks and that other people are not what they seem to be related to loneliness (Jaya, Hillmann, Reininger, Gollwitzer & Lincoln, 2017). Psychotic symptoms in depression are often associated with poor social functioning (Sönmez et al., 2016). The patient does not have a social network, and she does not participate in any leisure activities.

Furthermore, the patient needs to be monitored further some of her symptoms correlated with bipolar disorder mixed type. Jääskeläinen et al. (2018) systematic review found that psychotic depression first episode is a marker of later bipolar disorder. Sleep is another issue that needs to be addressed since sleep is associated with psychotic symptoms and worsening depression

(Koyanagi & Stickley, 2015).

References

American Psychiatric Association.
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th

Ed). (2013). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Cipriani, A., Zhou, X., Del Giovane, C., Hetrick, S. E., Qin, B., Whittington, C., … & Cuijpers, P. (2016). Comparative efficacy and tolerability of antidepressants for major depressive disorder in children and adolescents: a network meta-analysis.
The Lancet,
388(10047), 881-890.

Gabbay, V., Johnson, A. R., Alonso, C. M., Evans, L. K., Babb, J. S., & Klein, R. G. (2015). Anhedonia, but not irritability, is associated with illness severity outcomes in adolescent major depression.
Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology,
25(3), 194-200.

Grande, I., Berk, M., Birmaher, B., & Vieta, E. (2016). Bipolar disorder.
The

Lancet,
387(10027), 1561-1572.

Jääskeläinen, E., Juola, T., Korpela, H., Lehtiniemi, H., Nietola, M., Korkeila, J., & Miettunen, J.

(2018). Epidemiology of psychotic depression–systematic review and metaanalysis.
Psychological medicine,
48(6), 905-918.

Jaya, E. S., Hillmann, T. E., Reininger, K. M., Gollwitzer, A., & Lincoln, T. M. (2017). Loneliness and psychotic symptoms: The mediating role of depression.
Cognitive therapy and research,
41(1), 106-116.

Koyanagi, A., & Stickley, A. (2015). The association between sleep problems and psychotic symptoms in the general population: a global perspective.
Sleep,
38(12), 1875-1885.

Moritz, S., Cludius, B., Hottenrott, B., Schneider, B. C., Saathoff, K., Kuelz, A. K., & Gallinat, J. (2015). Mindfulness and relaxation treatment reduces depressive symptoms in individuals with psychosis.
European Psychiatry,
30(6), 709-714.

Sönmez, N., Røssberg, J. I., Evensen, J., Barder, H. E., Haahr, U., ten Velden Hegelstad, W., …

& Melle, I. (2016). Depressive symptoms in first‐episode psychosis: a 10‐year follow‐up study.
Early intervention in psychiatry,
10(3), 227-233.

Thompson, A. R., Malhotra, A., & Rothschild, A. J. (2019). Advances in the Treatment of

Psychotic Depression.
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Vieta, E., Berk, M., Schulze, T. G., Carvalho, A. F., Suppes, T., Calabrese, J. R., … & Grande, I.

(2018). Bipolar disorders.
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