When responding, apply your selected theory “Bandura’s Social Learning Theory” to the patient-care problem of two of your colleagues’ posts (post #1 and post #2) who chose a different theory or model, using a minimum of two scholarly references formatted per APA style.
Post # 1: Sarah
For the discussion I chose to focus on Maslow’s Human Motivation and Hierarchy of Basic Human Needs. Since I will be working with pediatrics as a nurse practitioner, it is important that children feel like their needs are being met before they will do anything else. An example of this is that a baby will not play until they are fed if they are hungry. Having food is physiological need that needs to be met before the baby will move up the hierarchy (David, 2014 ). The hierarchy continues from physiological needs to safety, a sense of belonging, esteem, and self-actualization.
A chronic condition that is seen often in pediatrics is asthma. Often, children with asthma have to have rescue inhalers with them at school. These children need to understand the factors that can initiate an asthma attack. If they know what can prevent an asthma attack, there is less of a risk that they will have one. In order to have a child pay attention and cooperate with you, you need to make sure that you teach on their level, whatever that level may be. Their needs have to be met before they will listen. Nash (2016) states that most children and young adults are open to adapt when they feel as though they belong. This is the third level of Maslow’s hierarchy. The physiological needs and safety needs have to be met before the child can experience a sense of belonging which includes family and friendship (David, 2014). Henize, Beck, Klein, Adams, and Kahn (2015) explained that they used Maslow’s hierarchy to develop interventions in an organized manner for their research. It helped them to understand the purpose of their intervention to help meet the needs of the pediatric patient. This is what I would be doing as a PNP. For children with asthma, I would need to assess if their basic needs are met and if they feel safe enough to trust me as a healthcare provider to listen to me. It is very important that the child feels as though they are safe. If they feel safe, they are more likely to go up the hierarchy and reach self-actualization. Once this place is reached, the child will be able to actively participate in their care and be more willing to care for themselves.
Post # 2: Sydney
I chose Knowles Theory of Adult Learning to describe how I can intervene in a Women’s patient-care problem. Knowles states that adults should have experience and self-concept meaning that they can take responsibility towards their education and use their experiences to increase their learning (Pappas, 2013). They also show readiness and motivation to learn by maturity and developing their social roles (Pappas, 2013). Finally, adults should show orientation to learning by shifting from focusing on one subject to multiple subjects (Pappas, 2013).
As a future Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner, I plan to teach many of my patients about the risks of cervical cancer, and how they can be prevented. The best way to allow for cervical cancer health is for a patient to have a Pap Test, which means collecting cells from the cervical wall and testing them for cervical cancer (Ashtarian et al., 2017). It is important as a Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner to teach patients the importance of prevention and early detection in cervical cancer and allow for them to understand their bodies (Carcio & Secor, 2019).
I can use Knowles Theory of Adult Learning to educate my gynecology patients on cervical cancer and how to prevent it from occurring. I will have to make sure that my patients have a readiness to learn, and that they are taking responsibility for the education regarding their body. It will be my responsibility to make sure that my patients understand what I am educating them on. I will also have to assess the readiness and experience the patient has before I can begin the education process. Each person learns differently, but as adults, these topics should be easy for them to understand. Taking the time to have an individualized plan of education for each of my patients will allow for the best patient outcomes.