Sustainable Production & Pathways Sustainability

Environmental Management
• Environmental management involves taking care of the
land, oceans, atmosphere, global and local systems,
freshwater systems, …, applying sustainability principles.
• Every year we are witnessing environmental crisis and
disasters caused often by the neglection for the nature.
• Sometimes those events could be prevented, but often they
are unpredictable.
• First of all, we have to take care of the environment. We
try to reduce CO2 emission and make transition to green
energy sources and transportation.
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Australia in January 2020

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https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-02-19/australia-bushfires-how-heat-and-drought-created-a-tinderbox/11976134
Sustainability for the Future
• Sustainable / Green / Clean Production
• Use of green / renewable energy
– Hydro
– Wind
– Solar
– Thermal
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They are all forms of the solar energy,
i.e. all energy comes from, the sun.
 2012, Dr Milan Simic MANU1381 9
Sustainable Development
• Adopting business strategies and activities
that meet the needs of the enterprise and all
of its stakeholders today,
• While protecting, sustaining and enhancing
the human and natural resources that will
be needed in the future.
Theodore Roosevelt,
Message to Congress, 3rd Dec. 1907
“To Waste and Destroy our Natural
Resources, instead of increasing their
usefulness, will undermine the very
prosperity which we are obliged to
hand down to our children, amplified
and developed.”
Albert Einstein
“If man is to survive, we shall require
a substantially new manner of
thinking”
… Cleaner Production methods & associated
approaches provide just such a ‘new manner of
thinking’.
POLLUTION CONTROL
APPROACHES
Pollutants are controlled by filters and waste treatment
methods
Pollution control is evaluated when processes and products
have been developed and when problems arise
Pollution controls and environmental improvements are
considered to be always cost factors for the company
Environmental challenges are to be addressed by
environmental experts
Environmental improvements are to be accomplished with
techniques and technology
Environmental improvement measures should fulfil
standards set by authorities
Quality is defined as meeting the customers requirements.
CLEANER PRODUCTION
APPROACHES
Pollutants are prevented at their sources through integrated
measures
Pollution prevention is an integrated part of product and
process development
Pollutants and wastes are considered as potential resources
and may be transformed into useful products/by-products
Environmental improvement challenges should be the
responsibility of people throughout the company
Environmental improvements include non-technical and
technical approaches
Environmental improvement measures should be a process of
working continuously to achieve higher standards
Total Quality means the production of products that meet or
exceed customer expectations and which have minimal
impacts upon human health and the environment.
Cleaner Production
• A conceptual and procedural approach to
production and manufacturing that
• Demands all phases of the life cycle of a
product, or process
• To be addressed with the objective of
prevention, or minimisation of short and long
term risks to human life and the environment.
Scope
The ‘scope’ of Cleaner Production approaches,
methodologies and techniques is limited only
by the ‘vision’ of its proponents.
Ecologically Sustainable Development
Precautionary Principle:
Where there are threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage, lack of full
scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to
prevent environmental degradation.
Application of the precautionary principle should involve both careful evaluation to
avoid serious damage to the environment and effective risk assessment of the
various options.
Intergenerational Equity:
The present generation should ensure that the health, diversity and productivity of the
environment is maintained or enhanced for the benefit of future generations.
Conservation of Biological Diversity & Ecological Integrity:
Conservation of biological diversity and ecological integrity should be a fundamental
consideration.
Phases of Environmental Protection
• Dilution (thinning, reduction…) is the solution
to pollution
• Pollution control is the solution to pollution
• Pollution prevention is the solution to pollution
• Not producing is one of the solutions to
pollution
60’s 70’s 80’s 90’s 2000’s
Time…
Dump
Control
Recycle
Prevention
Cleaner Production
• Offers industry the opportunity to enhance
operating efficiency while improving its
environmental performance.
• The waste is reduced at its source, rather
than at the ‘end-of-pipe’.
Green Internal Combustion Engine
Action Regulatory Reform & new Regulatory Schema
Use of Economic Instruments
Financial / Tax Incentives
Development of Specific Support Measures
Establishing Demonstration Programs & developing Specialist
Expertise
Use of External Assistance Mechanisms
Facilitating access to external agencies such as the World Bank
Government Processes in Policy
Development
• Pollution sources reduction
• waste minimisation
• energy efficiency and
• low-waste and non-waste technology,
Prevent or minimise, in the most costeffective
manner, the short and long term
risks to humans and the environment.”
UNIDO (1992) Blueprint for Clean Industry, Conclusions & Recommendations of the ESID Conference.
Cleaner Production Objectives
Three Key pillars/issues for sustainable
development in the world of today…
… that sets the scene for
the world of future generations to come.
Social Equity
Economic Prosperity
Ecological Integrity
From
Short-term Exploitation
to
Stewardship (Look After)
for Sustainability
From No Sky
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To Clear Sky
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Cleaner Production is moving
•away from a focus on ‘compliance’,
with its associated ‘regulation and control’ mindset,
•to a more ‘performance’ oriented approach to
achieving success,
that includes a commitment to achieving
Ecologically Sustainable Industrial Development.
Cleaner Production Policy Instruments
are characterised by a number of inherent
principles:
The need to establish working partnerships between
government, industry and affected communities
The need to address the capability to take actions to
improve the quality of life
The need to undertake continuing research into improving
industry practices and processes
The need to provide incentives eg. to small and medium
businesses, to improve environmental impact performance
The need to recognise continuing improvements in
industrial waste management and the introduction of
Waste Minimisation Assessment:
Key initial steps
• Assessment of the organisations’ involvement
and commitment to promoting waste reduction
• Introduction of ‘environmentally friendly’
practices and procedures
• Organisation and implementation of a corporate
environmental policy with associated goals,
objectives and strategies for achievement.
Waste Minimisation Assessment Procedures
• Selection of an Assessment Team
• Determining the Scope of the Assessment
• Collection of Preliminary data
• Identification and characterisation of input materials,
products & waste streams
• Comprehensive Plant Analysis:
• Evaluation of data:
Typical Resource Audit Approach
• Identify all source requirements:
including: materials, energy, labour, skills,
information, technology
• Identify and document all processes
• Identify and document discrete stages
• Produce complete system flow chart
• Identify Energy demands
• Identify Products streams
• Identify Waste-streams.
Five Core Quality Management Principles
• The Policy Principle
• The Planning Principle
• The Implementation Principle
• The Checking & Corrective Action
Principle
• The Review & Improvement Principle
Further Reading
• Follow Learning Guide from Learning Hub
• Read uploaded journal papers
• Use RMIT Library to fined more information
• Use Internet and other communication media
• Critically analyse all news and events
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My Contribution
• Use less paper when studied and after
• First to use BB
• No smoking
• Push bike, smaller cars
• Walking
• Research projects
• Solar energy for house
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Research
Solar Pond Solar Dog
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Solar Vehicle for South Pole Exploration
http://solardog.com.au/
RMIT University©yyyy School/Department/Area 36
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SAMME
School of:
Aurora-RMIT 101 solar car ,
on the steps of
Melbourne’s Parliament House.
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Electrical Cars
• http://video.google.com/vid
eoplay?docid=-
1962492684126574949
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Tesla_electric_car
Picture from:
• http://www.cnet.com.au/tesl
a-roadster-to-be-a-onespeed-
car-339285519.htm
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Hydrogen Car
Hydrogen used as
a fuel for internal
combustion engine.
Future Electric Car
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Energy Management System
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Thermal Energy Recovery
 2009, Dr Milan Simic Mechatronics Design 44
• https://www.sustainability.vic.gov.au/
• https://www.solar.vic.gov.au/
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Readings
Red this articles
to be ready for
the discussions
next week
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RMIT Classification: Trusted
[1] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Transition to Electrical Vehicles Based on Multi‐Attribute
Decision Making,” in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT),
2019, pp. 921‐926.
[2] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Managing Transition to Autonomous Vehicles Using Bayesian
Fuzzy Logic,” in Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare Systems, and Multimedia, Singapore,
2019, pp. 409‐421: Springer Singapore.
[3] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Feasibility study on green transportation,” Energy Procedia, vol.
160, pp. 534‐541, 2019/02/01/ 2019.
[4] M. Todorovic and M. Simic, “Current State of the Transition to Electrical Vehicles,” in
Intelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services, Cham, 2019, pp. 130‐139: Springer
International Publishing.
[5] A. Royale, M. Simic, P. Lappas, P. Schiffer, and R. Palaniswamy, “Novel thermal energy
recovery system testing,” Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 507‐512, 2019/02/01/ 2019.
[6] M. Todorovic, M. Simic, and A. Kumar, “Managing Transition to Electrical and Autonomous
Vehicles,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 112, pp. 2335‐2344, 2017/01/01/ 2017.
[7] X. X. Dou, M. Simic, J. andrews, and J. Mo, “Power splitting strategy for solar hydrogen
generation,” International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, vol. 8, no. 1, 2015.
[8] X. X. Dou, J. Andrews, M. Simic, R. Hoseinnezhad, and J. Mo, “Optimal power management
of final load and electrolyser in a solar hydrogen power generation system,” in Sensors,
Mechatronics and Automation, Seung‐Bok Choi, Prasad Yarlagadda, and M. Abdullah‐Al‐
Wadud, Eds. eBooks: Trans Tech Publications inc., Materials Science & Engineering, 2014,
pp. 661‐669.
[9] X. X. dou, J. Andrews, and M. Simic, “Designing a control unit for a solar‐hydrogen system for
remote area power supply,” presented at the Solar2010, the 48th AuSES Annual Conference,

  1. Available: http://solar.org.au/papers/10papers/10_26_DOU.X.X.pdf
    [10] M. N. Simic, R. Singh, L. Doukas, and A. Akbarzadeh, “Remote Monitoring of Thermal
    Performance of Salinity Gradient Solar Ponds,” in Digital System Design, Architectures,
    Methods and Tools, 2009. DSD ’09. 12th Euromicro Conference on, 2009, pp. 865‐869.
    [11] M. Elbanhawai and M. Simic, “Robotics Application in Remote Data Acquisition and Control
    for Solar Ponds,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 252‐255, p. 11, 2013.