The formal law enforcement code of ethics promoted by the International Association of Chiefs of Police is a code that
A. provides principles or guidelines that relate to the value system of the organization.
B. specifies ideal behavior in an aspirational manner.
C. provides mandatory rules of conduct that can serve as a basis of discipline.
D. generally describes the tenets of professional conduct.
If an officer is sued in court, the officer may invoke _________, meaning the officer cannot be held liable for discretionary duties performed in good faith during the course of normal job duties.
A. official immunity
B. good faith immunity
C. discretionary immunity
D. officer immunity
The idea that an employee’s attitude toward work is largely influenced by his or her individual characteristics comes from the _______ model.
Abuse-of-authority rules are found in
A. each state’s penal code.
B. Title 42 of the U.S. Code.
C. the Police Code of Conduct.
D. the Bill of Rights.
Coercive interrogation techniques were declared improper by
A. Miranda v. Arizona.
B. Roe v. Wade.
C. Mapp v. Ohio.
D. Walker v. Katz.
When criminal justice supervisors lack good judgement in the application of rules, they open themselves and their organization to
A. liability clams.
B. lack of morale.
The clearest reward a cadet can earn by learning the do’s and don’ts of the police subculture is
A. rapid promotion.
B. inclusion in the subculture.
C. accumulation of merits.
D. receiving medals.
According to the _______ leadership model, each situation is different and calls for a particular leadership style.
The tendency to rationalize one’s behavior, avoid pain, gain rewards, and weigh risks and benefits while learning unethical behavior is explained by the _______ theory.
With the passage of _______, community police departments were allocated money by Congress.
A. the President’s Crime Commission of 1965
B. the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994
C. Alternative Policing Strategy
D. Neighborhood Watch