The idea that crime is ubiquitous, adapts to changing cultures, spreads rapidly, and remains dormant when confronted by persons with stronger immune defenses supports the:

  1. The idea that crime is ubiquitous, adapts to changing cultures, spreads rapidly, and remains dormant when confronted by persons with stronger immune defenses supports the:

 

a.scapegoating analogy

b.deterrence analogy

c.virus analogy

d.born-again analogy

 

Question 27

 

Souryal refers to those who get away with crime as?

a.Scapegoated Criminals

b.Shadow Criminals

c.Unconvicted Criminals

d.None of the above

 

Question 28

 

The concept that addresses the soul of the inmate and tries to change inmates from the inside out is known as

 

Question 31  Which of the following does not contribute to the “borderless community”?

a.Probation and parole officers are underpaid.

b.Probation and parole officers are not well-educated.

c.The public perceives probation and parole as ineffective.

d.Policymakers politicalize probation and parole through illegitimate measures to reduce overcrowded prisons.

 

Question 32

What is the greatest benefit of community-based corrections from the perspective of its advocates?

a.Freedom from incarceration

b.Cost-effectiveness

c.Family relationships

d.a and c

e.a, b and c

 

Question 33

What proposal did Morris and Tonry make concerning the problem of contemporary probation?

a.Inner corrections

b.Abolition

c.Faith-based programs

d.All of the above

e.None of the above

 

Question 34

The severity view of von Hirsch is based on the assumption that:

a.community-based corrections may not be effective

b.community-based corrections are expensive

c.community-based corrections may not be benign

d.community-based corrections are not important

 

Question 35

Which of the following are considered a main system of electronic monitoring?

a.Active monitoring

b.Passive monitoring

c.Global Positioning System

d.Tracking

 

 

 

Question 37

The focus of Sayoural’s book is on which two of the following fundamental concepts?

a.Expanding enlightenment and minimizing civility

b.Expanding enlightenment and maximizing civility

c.Contracting enlightenment and maximizing civility

d.Contracting enlightenment and minimizing civility

 

 

Question 38

In Souryal’s text, [x] is a function of the organic confluence of enlightment and civility.

 

Question 39

Souryal compares enlightened thinking to:

a.A football game

b.The emptying of a drain

c.A parachute jump

d.A roller coaster

 

 

Question 40

Which of the following is not one of O’Toole’s characteristics of civility?

a.Trust

b.Assert Yourself

c.Integrity/Fairness

d.Respect

e.Listening