The most prevalent cause of deaths in the United States related to heart disease are due

1.The most prevalent cause of deaths in the United States related to heart disease are due to

  1. angina pectoris.
  2. CAD.
  3. MI
  4. CHF
2. In electrical shock, the current

A. follows the path of least resistance.
B. will generally burn the entry and exit points.
C. can travel between people or objects that are contacted.
D. All the statements are correct.

3.When a bone moves away from the joint in which it is normally attached, resulting in loss of normal movement at that joint, is called a:

A. fracture.
B. separation.
C. dislocation.
D. dorsiflexion.

4.The soft-tissue injury that occurs when the skin is cut leaving a jagged wound is a(n)

A. laceration.
B. avulsion.
C. incision.
D. abrasion.

5.The condition where fat-containing substances are deposited in the blood vessels surrounding the heart causing a decrease in blood flow to the heart is

A. congestive heart failure (CHF).
B. cerebral artery disease.
C. ischemia.
D. coronary artery disease (CAD).

6.Which statement is true about osteomalacia?

A. Osteomalacia can be caused excessive exposure to UV light.
B. In children, osteomalacia is called rickets.
C. The treatment involves taking vitamin B.
D. All the statements listed are true.

7.Causes of atelectasis, a loss of air inside the pulmonary tissue or lung collapse, may result from

A. a “sucking wound” in the thorax.
B. extended times of inactivity.
C. failure to breathe deeply after general anesthesia.
D. All statements are correct.

8. Permanent, irreversible dilation of alveoli, resulting in inability to remove air passively from the thorax cavity, describes

A. emphysema.
B. bronchiectasis.
C. pneumoconiosis.
D. pneumothorax.

9.Fluid shift into the extravascular spaces in bilateral lower extremities is often indicative of

MI.
pulmonary edema.
CHF.
angina pectoris.

10. Anemia indicates that patient has a deficiency of

A. RBCs or Hgb.
B. platelets.
C. white blood cells (WBCs).
D. All choices listed may be involved.

11. In electrical shock, the current

A. follows the path of least resistance.
B. will generally burn the entry and exit points.
C. can travel between people or objects that are contacted.
D. All the statements are correct.

12. Injury to a vessel or predisposition to clot formation increases the risk of

A. pulmonary embolism.
B. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
C. emphysema.
D. All of the condition listed are correct.

13.The condition in which the patient experiences chest pain with exertion may be associate with

A. angina pectoris.
B. CAD.
C. MI.
D. All of the conditions listed are correct.

14.Matching: Match the appropriate laboratory finding with its possible disease, pathology or condition.

Elevated LDL levels
Elevated Creatine Kinase (CK)
Elevated Total Cholesterol
Elevated C-Reactive protein
Elevated ESR
Abnormal electromyelography (EMG) study
A. will identify site of neuronal lesions
B. atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure
C. diabetes mellitus, renal failure
D. non-specific indiction for ongoing disease
E. RA, inflammation of body tissues
F. indication of myocardial infarction