Cash is listed first on the balance sheet because it is the asset most readily available to pay off debt or use in operations. Cash is also one of the assets that most often “grows legs” and walks away. Therefore, it is important that any business protect its cash; it does so through Internal Control Procedures. Please start by defining Internal Control, then discuss specific procedures related to cash.
When a business extends credit to its customers, we call this Accounts Receivable. Often a business will grant its customers a discount. What are the two types of discounts, and how does the journal entry to record the sale change when there is a discount granted?