Week 3

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 Prior to attempting this week’s discussion read the information in week 3’s lesson. Students are to post their questions pertaining to creating an annotated bibliography in proper APA format and answer their classmate’s questions pertaining to creating an annotated bibliography. Students are to share with their classmates at least 2 helpful hints they feel will assist others with creating an annotated bibliography in proper APA format. Also, students are to post an example of a couple of annotated bibliographies done in proper APA format. 


CO3: Demonstrate ability to successfully cite university online library database sources
pertaining to scholarly journals and peer-reviewed articles.

CO4: Prepare an annotated bibliography based on research from the online library

Before discussing the what, how, and expectations of the annotated bibliography, it
should be noted that at least 15-20 annotated bibliography entries will be due at the end
of next week i.e., week 4.

Annotated bibliographies are viewed as the next step of the process as the means of
helping you digest the material and be capable of more easily and fully develop a solid
literature review.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?
What exactly is an annotated bibliography? It is a document that contains the reference
of the source and an annotation (summary/review/overview) of the content. Here are
two entries from an annotated bibliography regarding a study on community policing:

Brainard, L. A., & Derrick-Mills, T. (2011). Electronic commons, community policing, and
communication. Administrative Theory & Praxis, 33(3), 383-410.

The authors in this article investigated the effort by all the districts that comprise the
Washington, DC, Metropolitan Police Department (DC MPD), except district six, to
facilitate an electronic common in which residents and police department personnel could
work together, via online discussion groups, to address crime and safety issues. Using a
mixed methods case study approach, they analyzed the threads originating between July
2005 and December 2007 to answer two research questions: Do the online discussion
groups fulfill the spirit of an electronic commons? What is the nature of the online
relationship between the police and the community? The reading and reviewing of the
online discussions between the represented sample of the DC MPD and the residents was
the method used to collect data. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the
percentages and ratios between the DC MPD and the residents, while in-depth
comparative analysis was employed to analyze the discussion threads qualitatively. The
findings indicated both success and failure in terms of forming and sustaining an
electronic common, therefore the conclusion was that social media can be an effective
tool for law enforcement, but further development and research needs to be

Chemak, S., & Weiss. A. (2006). Community policing in the news media. Police
Quarterly, 9(2), 135–160. doi:10.1177/1098611105281630

A post office mailed qualitative questionnaire survey was forwarded to 239 police stations
within cities with populations of 100,000 or more as well as the media organizations of
those cities. A similar survey was mailed to the newspaper with the largest circulation
and the top two television stations within the same cities as the police stations. Based on
the responses, two police departments with apparent positive relations with the media
and two police departments with negative relations with the media were identified for in-
depth comparative analysis. The authors stated the findings of their study pertaining to
efforts of law enforcement agencies to promote community policing were that while
community policing efforts were occurring, limited mention of these efforts were
recognized by the media. The results indicated that although police departments and
media personnel concurred that they have a very good working relationship, there are
many opportunities to encourage community policing, but most police departments make
only minimal effort to do so.

Types of Annotations
There are different types of annotations, which when you review the readings, you will
note the various formatting and differences related to content. For this particular
assignment, you will need to adhere to the following guidelines regarding content,
length, and formatting.

In terms of content, the annotations need to provide an overview of the content in
relation to your topic/problem statement. In other words, if you use a book, only relate
the information from the chapters that relate to your study. Focus on noting the main
themes – – the information you noted as being important and should “jog” your memory
in terms of what the article is about. The annotation should be of such that you will be
able to easily and quickly know where in the outline it will fit and be able to use the
annotation to help you develop the literature review.

A word of caution, the literature review should NOT be the stringing together of the
annotations! The annotations are merely an overview of the content and main focus, not
the details.

The length of each annotation should be approximately 100-200 words. In other words,
2 or 3 sentences will not be sufficient. However, just because you can only use a small
portion of the source and ergo it cannot be used in the annotated bibliography, does not
mean it should be excluded from the literature review. Likewise, it is recognized that one
or two sources used in the annotated bibliography may not make the “final cut” in terms
of being used in the literature review as the development of the literature review tends
to be an iterative process.

The references are to be APA formatted. You can find examples of APA formatting not
only in the readings here but also via Purdue Owl (see Readings for Purdue Owl).

Basics Regarding Formatting
Some basics regarding formatting references are as follows:

· Use a hanging indent for references (all lines after the first line of each entry in
the list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin).

· Only one space is used after all endmarks in the references.

· Authors’ names are inverted (last name first); give last name and initials for all
authors of a particular work unless there are more than seven authors (see Purdue Owl
or APA manual to review how more than seven authors should be done).

· If you have more than one work by an author, order them by publication date,
oldest to newest.

· When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another reference as the
first author of a group, list the one-author entries first.

· If no author is given for a source, alphabetize using the title of the work, which
will be listed in place of the author. However, if the title begins with The, A, or An,
alphabetize it by the second word. For example, an article titled The Field Test of
Research would be alphabetized by “Field,” and “The” should still be in the title.

· Use “&” instead of “and” when listing multiple authors of a single work.

· Capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle of a work.

· Italicize titles of books and journals (the italics in these continues through
commas and periods). However, only the first word of the book title begins with a capital
letter. Conversely, every “big” word in the journal title should begin with a capital.

· List the doi for all articles. If no doi is shown, go to crossref.org to check for the
doi as not all databases list the doi. If crossref.org indicates there is no doi, then Google
the journal name (not the article title) and use the URL for the publisher. Do NOT use
the database URL! For example, the “cite” feature in the library incorrectly listed the
database as the retrieved from URL:

Webster, J., & Watson, R. T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing

a literature review. MIS Quarterly, 6(2), 11.


Crossref.org was checked first and because the article did not have a doi, I
Googled MIS Quarterly and found the publication homepage

URL to use as shown below.

Webster, J., & Watson, R. T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing

a literature review. MIS Quarterly, 26(2), xiii-xxiii. http://www.misq.org

Lastly, all entries should be in alphabetical order based on the first author’s last name.
You may also use the option of having level 2 APA headings to separate the various
sections of your annotated bibliography, BUT the sources within each section must be in
alphabetical order.

For example, let’s say your level 2 headings from the outline were Stories of Animals and
Inspirational Books (the headings do NOT need to be in alphabetical order, just the

Stories of Animals

Scieszka, J. (1996). The true story of the three little pigs. Penguin Group.

This is the classic story of the three little pigs told from the wolf’s
perspective. The pigs are portrayed as being accidentally killed by the wolf’s powerful

Southey, R. (1837). Goldilocks and the three bears. McFarland.

This story is about a little girl who enters the home of three bears. The bears’
home was empty. The little girl enjoyed a snack and a nap. The bears came home to
discover the girl and scared her away.

Inspirational Stories

List the references in alphabetical order then the annotation.

Assignment: Submit at least 15-20 annotated bibliographies by no later than Sunday of
week 4. Late submissions of this assignment will not be accepted.

**Note: no reference page is needed for the annotated bibliography.


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