ACCT 220 UMGC General Motors Company SEC Report

In need of a four page sec 10 report the description of the requirements are in the attachments. This is for GMC or General Motors Company and everything is attached


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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Washington, DC 20549-1004 Form 10-K ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 OR TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 For the transition period from to Commission file number 001-34960 GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) Delaware (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) 27-0756180 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.) 300 Renaissance Center, Detroit, Michigan (Address of principal executive offices) 48265 -3000 (Zip Code) (313) 667-1500 (Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) Not applicable (Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report) Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Title of each class Common Stock, $0.01 par value Trading Symbol(s) GM Name of each exchange on which registered New York Stock Exchange Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act: None Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☑No ☐ Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐No ☑ Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☑No ☐ Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☑No ☐ Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Large accelerated filer ☑Accelerated filer ☐Non-accelerated filer ☐Smaller reporting company ☐Emerging growth company ☐ If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐ Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐No ☑ The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (assuming only for purposes of this computation that directors and executive officers may be affiliates) was approximately $54.7 billion as of June 30, 2019. As of January 24, 2020 there were 1,429,002,063 shares of common stock outstanding. DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement related to the Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed subsequently are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K. INDEX Page PART I Item 1. Item 1A. Item 1B. Item 2. Item 3. Item 4. Item 5. Item 6. Item 7. Item 7A. Item 8. Business Risk Factors Unresolved Staff Comments Properties Legal Proceedings Mine Safety Disclosures 1 10 17 17 17 17 PART II Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities Selected Financial Data Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk Financial Statements and Supplementary Data Consolidated Income Statements Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income Consolidated Balance Sheets Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Consolidated Statements of Equity Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements Note 1. Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies Note 3. Revenue Note 4. Marketable and Other Securities Note 5. GM Financial Receivables and Transactions Note 6. Inventories Note 7. Equipment on Operating Leases Note 8. Equity in Net Assets of Nonconsolidated Affiliates Note 9. Property Note 10. Goodwill and Intangible Assets Note 11. Variable Interest Entities Note 12. Accrued and Other Liabilities Note 13. Debt Note 14. Derivative Financial Instruments Note 15. Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits Note 16. Commitments and Contingencies Note 17. Income Taxes Note 18. Restructuring and Other Initiatives Note 19. Interest Income and Other Non-Operating Income Note 20. Stockholders’ Equity and Noncontrolling Interests Note 21. Earnings Per Share Note 22. Discontinued Operations Note 23. Stock Incentive Plans Note 24. Supplementary Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited) Note 25. Segment Reporting 18 19 19 39 47 47 47 48 49 50 51 51 51 58 60 61 63 63 63 66 66 67 67 68 70 71 77 82 84 85 86 88 88 89 91 91 Page Note 26. Item 9. Item 9A. Item 9B. Item 10. Item 11. Item 12. Item 13. Item 14. Item 15. Item 16. Signatures Supplemental Information for the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure Controls and Procedures Other Information PART III Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance Executive Compensation Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence Principal Accounting Fees and Services PART IV Exhibits Form 10-K Summary 94 95 95 96 96 96 96 96 96 97 99 100 Table of Contents GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES PART I Item 1. Business General Motors Company (sometimes referred to as we, our, us, ourselves, the Company, General Motors, or GM) was incorporated as a Delaware corporation in 2009. We design, build and sell trucks, crossovers, cars and automobile parts worldwide. Cruise, formerly GM Cruise, is our global segment responsible for the development and commercialization of autonomous vehicle technology. We also provide automotive financing services through General Motors Financial Company, Inc. (GM Financial). Except for per share amounts or as otherwise specified, amounts presented within tables are stated in millions. On July 31, 2017 we closed the sale of the Opel and Vauxhall businesses and certain other assets in Europe (the Opel/Vauxhall Business) to Peugeot, S.A. (PSA Group). On October 31, 2017 we closed the sale of the European financing subsidiaries and branches (the Fincos, and together with the Opel/Vauxhall Business, the European Business) to Banque PSA Finance S.A. and BNP Paribas Personal Finance S.A. The European Business is presented as discontinued operations in our consolidated financial statements for all periods presented. Unless otherwise indicated, information in this report relates to our continuing operations. Automotive Our automotive operations meet the demands of our customers through our automotive segments: GM North America (GMNA) and GM International (GMI). GMNA meets the demands of customers in North America with vehicles developed, manufactured and/or marketed under the Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet and GMC brands. GMI primarily meets the demands of customers outside North America with vehicles developed, manufactured and/or marketed under the Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC and Holden brands. We also have equity ownership stakes in entities that meet the demands of customers in other countries, primarily in China, with vehicles developed, manufactured and/or marketed under the Baojun, Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet and Wuling brands. In addition to the vehicles we sell through our dealer network to retail customers, we also sell vehicles directly or through our dealer network to fleet customers, including daily rental car companies, commercial fleet customers, leasing companies and governments. Our customers can obtain a wide range of aftersale vehicle services and products through our dealer network, such as maintenance, light repairs, collision repairs, vehicle accessories and extended service warranties. Competitive Position and Vehicle Sales The principal factors that determine consumer vehicle preferences in the markets in which we operate include overall vehicle design, price, quality, available options, safety, reliability, fuel economy and functionality. Market leadership in individual countries in which we compete varies widely. We present both wholesale and total vehicle sales data to assist in the analysis of our revenue and our market share.Wholesale vehicle sales data consists of sales to GM’s dealers and distributors as well as sales to the U.S. Government and excludes vehicles sold by our joint ventures. Wholesale vehicle sales data correlates to our revenue recognized from the sale of vehicles, which is the largest component of Automotive net sales and revenue. In the year ended December 31, 2019,34% of our wholesale vehicle sales volume was generated outside the U.S. The following table summarizes wholesale vehicle sales by automotive segment (vehicles in thousands): Years Ended December 31, 2019 GMNA GMI Total Discontinued operations 2018 2017 3,214 995 76.4% 23.6% 3,555 1,152 75.5% 24.5% 3,511 1,267 73.5% 26.5% 4,209 100.0% 4,707 100.0% 4,778 100.0% — — 696 Total vehicle sales data represents: (1) retail sales (i.e., sales to consumers who purchase new vehicles from dealers or distributors); (2) fleet sales, such as sales to large and small businesses, governments, and daily rental car companies; and (3) vehicles used by dealers in their businesses, including courtesy transportation vehicles. Total vehicle sales data includes all sales by joint ventures on a total vehicle basis, not based on our percentage ownership interest in the joint venture. Certain joint venture agreements in China allow for the contractual right to report vehicle sales of non-GM trademarked vehicles by those joint ventures, which are included in the total vehicle sales we report for China. While total vehicle sales data does not correlate directly to the revenue we recognize during a particular period, we believe it is indicative of the underlying demand for our vehicles. Total vehicle sales data represents management’s good faith estimate based on sales reported by GM’s dealers, distributors, and joint ventures, commercially available data sources such as registration and insurance data, and internal estimates and forecasts when other data is not available. 1 Table of Contents GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES The following table summarizes total industry vehicle sales and our related competitive position by geographic region (vehicles in thousands): Years Ended December 31, 2019 Industry GM 2018 Market Share Industry GM 2017 Market Share Industry GM Market Share North America United States Other 17,533 3,642 2,887 480 16.5% 13.2% 17,721 3,839 2,954 536 16.7% 14.0% 17,570 3,980 3,002 574 17.1% 14.4% Total North America 21,175 3,367 15.9% 21,560 3,490 16.2% 21,550 3,576 16.6% Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa China(a) Other(b) 25,398 21,503 3,094 584 12.2% 2.7% 26,519 22,258 3,645 557 13.7% 2.5% 28,231 21,288 4,041 629 14.3% 3.0% Total Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa 46,901 3,678 7.8% 48,777 4,202 8.6% 49,519 4,670 9.4% 2,787 1,531 476 193 17.1% 12.6% 2,566 1,925 434 256 16.9% 13.3% 2,239 1,928 394 275 17.6% 14.3% South America Brazil Other Total South America Total in GM markets 4,318 669 15.5% 4,491 690 15.4% 4,167 669 16.1% Total Europe 72,394 18,876 7,714 4 10.7% —% 74,828 18,928 8,382 4 11.2% —% 75,236 19,190 8,915 685 11.8% 3.6% Total Worldwide(c) 91,270 7,718 8.5% 93,756 8,386 8.9% 94,426 9,600 10.2% 4,842 4,496 8,195 389 1,332 1,166 8.0% 29.6% 14.2% 5,389 4,215 8,117 560 1,360 1,034 10.4% 32.3% 12.7% 6,145 4,004 7,421 709 1,328 965 11.5% 33.2% 13.0% 17,533 2,887 16.5% 17,721 2,954 16.7% 17,570 3,002 17.1% United States Cars Trucks(d) Crossovers(d) Total United States China(a) SGMS SGMW Total China 1,482 1,612 25,398 3,094 1,749 1,896 12.2% 26,519 3,645 1,906 2,135 13.7% 28,231 4,041 14.3% __________ (a) Includes sales by our Automotive China Joint Ventures (Automotive China JVs): SAIC General Motors Sales Co., Ltd. (SGMS) and SAIC GM Wuling Automobile Co., Ltd. (SGMW). (b) Includes Industry and GM sales in India and South Africa where we ceased vehicle sales for those domestic markets as of December 31, 2017. (c) Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria are subject to broad economic sanctions. Accordingly these countries are excluded from industry sales data and corresponding calculation of market share. (d) Certain industry vehicles have been reclassified between these vehicle segments. GM vehicles were not impacted by this change. The prior period has been recast to reflect the changes. In the year ended December 31, 2019, we estimate we were the market share leader in each of North America and South America, and had the number four market share in the Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa region, which included the number two market share in China. Refer to the Overview in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) for discussion on changes in market share by region. 2 Table of Contents GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES As discussed above, total vehicle sales and market share data provided in the table above includes fleet vehicles. Certain fleet transactions, particularly sales to daily rental car companies, are generally less profitable than retail sales to end customers. The following table summarizes estimated fleet sales and those sales as a percentage of total vehicle sales (vehicles in thousands): Years Ended December 31, 2019 GMNA GMI Total fleet sales Fleet sales as a percentage of total vehicle sales 2018 2017 741 498 740 478 691 541 1,239 1,218 1,232 16.1% 14.5% 13.8% Product Pricing Several methods are used to promote our products, including the use of dealer, retail and fleet incentives such as customer rebates and finance rate support. The level of incentives is dependent upon the level of competition in the markets in which we operate and the level of demand for our products. Cyclical and Seasonal Nature of Business The market for vehicles is cyclical and depends in part on general economic conditions, credit availability and consumer spending. Vehicle markets are also seasonal. Production varies from month to month. Vehicle model changeovers occur throughout the year as a result of new market entries. Relationship with Dealers We market vehicles and automotive parts worldwide primarily through a network of independent authorized retail dealers. These outlets include distributors, dealers and authorized sales, service and parts outlets. The number of authorized dealerships were 4,743 in GMNA and 7,907 in GMI at December 31, 2019. We and our joint ventures enter into a contract with each authorized dealer agreeing to sell to the dealer one or more specified product lines at wholesale prices and granting the dealer the right to sell those vehicles to retail customers from an approved location. Our dealers often offer more than one GM brand at a single dealership in a number of our markets. Authorized dealers offer parts, accessories, service and repairs for GM vehicles in the product lines that they sell using GM parts and accessories. Our dealers are authorized to service GM vehicles under our limited warranty program, and those repairs are made only with GM parts. Our dealers generally provide their customers with access to credit or lease financing, vehicle insurance and extended service contracts provided by GM Financial and other financial institutions. The quality of GM dealerships and our relationship with our dealers and distributors are critical to our success given that dealers maintain the primary sales and service interface with the end consumer of our products. In addition to the terms of our contracts with our dealers, we are regulated by various country and state franchise laws and regulations that may supersede those contractual terms and impose specific regulatory requirements and standards for initiating dealer network changes, pursuing terminations for cause and other contractual matters. Research, Product and Business Development and Intellectual Property Costs for research, manufacturing engineering, product engineering and design and development activities primarily relate to developing new products or services or improving existing products or services, including activities related to vehicle and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions control, improved fuel economy, electrification, autonomous vehicles, the safety of drivers and passengers, and urban mobility. Research and development expenses were $6.8 billion, $7.8 billion and $7.3 billion in the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017. Product Development The Product Development organization is responsible for designing and integrating vehicle and propulsion components to maximize part sharing across multiple vehicle segments. Global teams in Design, Program Management, Component & Subsystem Engineering, Product Integrity, Safety, Propulsion Systems and Purchasing & Supply Chain collaborate to meet customer requirements and maximize global economies of scale. Our global vehicle architecture development is headquartered at our Global Technical Center in Warren, Michigan. Cross-segment part sharing is an essential enabler to optimize our current vehicle portfolio, as we expect that more than 75% of our global sales volume will come from five vehicle architectures by middecade. We will continue to leverage our current architecture portfolio to accommodate our customers around the world while achieving our financial goals. Battery Electric Vehicles We have committed to an all-electric future and are investing in multiple technologies offering increasing levels of vehicle electrification with a core focus on zero emission battery electric vehicles as part of our long-term strategy to reduce petroleum consumption and GHG emissions. We currently offer the Chevrolet Bolt EV, which recently improved to 259 3 Table of Contents GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES miles of range with the 2020 model year. We have also announced our all-new battery electric architecture that will launch on an upcoming Cadillac model. The new platform will be flexible, allowing quick response to customer preferences with a relatively short design and development lead time. It will be leveraged across multiple brands and vehicle sizes, styles and drive configurations. We confirmed the GMC Hummer EV, an upcoming battery electric truck, will be built at Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly, which is being re-tooled into a fully-dedicated electric vehicle facility. In addition, we have announced plans to mass-produce battery cells for future battery electric vehicles through an equally owned joint venture with LG Chem, Ltd. To support mass market adoption of electric vehicles, we are working to ensure that our customers will have access to a robust, ubiquitous and seamless charging infrastructure. For personal vehicles, this means strategically addressing charging needs at home, the workplace and in public locations. We have announced collaborative work with several charge network operators to provide real-time data on their …