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Create a 6 pages page paper that discusses piagets theory of child development.
Based on an interview with Nathan’s mother, I will relate the different Piaget’s tasks and stages of development through which Nathan has gone through to determine his mental, physical and spiritual development. In the end, the paper will also compare the findings of the interview with the literature available on child development to find any evidence of affirmation and disaffirmation.Piaget’s proposed the Cognitive Development Theory of Early Childhood Experience through the basic idea that the child constructs his own knowledge, the child learns many things without the help of others and the child is inherently motivated to learn new things from the environment.
In his theory, Piaget used four concepts, namely: schemata, adaptation, assimilation, and accommodation to understand the development stages of the child (Berk, 2010).The first stage Schemata are the mental concepts that the child uses to understand. The second stage, Adaptation is the process in which the child mentally organizes the information received from the environment. The third stage Assimilation is the process of grasping new information as well as adding that information to the already stored knowledge.
The fourth stage Accommodation is adjusting all the information through which the child can later build thoughts and build internal structures. This theory includes four stages the child passes through. The stages are: the sensorimotor stage (birth- 2 years), the preoperational stage (2 – 7 years), the concrete operational stage (7 – 12 years), and the formal operational stage (12 – onwards). The stages start at the age of birth until the age of a fully matured person (Fischer, 1980).
The sensorimotor stage starts at the beginning of childhood till age 2. During this stage, the child tries to develop a sense of the environment. The child uses his .sensory-motor skills to think about what the outside environment is. The child’s behavior has some common skills like looking, grasping, and listening. According to Jean Piaget, in the stage of sensorimotor, object permanence is a very important accomplishment. The child understands that the things are present even though they are not present and this understanding of the child is known as object permanence.