1. The power of a court to hear a particular case is called ______. a. discretion b. court power c. jurisdiction d. parens patriae 2. When juveniles are apprehended by police for suspicious behavior, but not necessarily for any specific crime, they are ______. a. arrested b. taken into custody c. wards of the court d. none of the above 3. The age jurisdiction of juvenile courts is determined by ______. a. state governors b. state legislatures c. the federal government d. the courts 4. The juvenile equivalent of an adult sentence is called a(n) ______. a. adjudication b. finding c. disposition d. petition 5. The social process where juveniles are deemed undesirable or deviant because of multiple court appearances or incarcerations is known as ______. a. delinquency b. criminality c. deviance d. stigmatization Unit 1 Examination 30 BCJ 210 Juvenile Justice 6. Youths in need of social service intervention, supervision, or placement due to circumstances in their home or families beyond their control are known as ______. a. delinquents b. status offenders c. abused children d. dependent and neglected children 7. Bringing juveniles into the juvenile justice system who would not otherwise be involved in delinquent activity is known as ______. a. relabeling b. net widening c. criminality d. deinstitutionalization 8. The disposition of a juvenile’s case is the same as an adult being ______. a. tried b. sentenced c. convicted d. imprisoned 9. The screening procedure usually conducted by a juvenile probation officer to determine whether to release a juvenile offender to parental custody or recommend detention for further court action is known as ______. a. review b. referral c. intake d. booking 10. Early penal facilities whose inmates provided cheap labor for profit by private interests were known as ______. a. debtors’ prisons b. workhouses c. poorhouses d. an indentured servant system Unit 1 Examination 31 BCJ 210 Juvenile Justice 11. Juvenile institutions established in 1825 as a means of separating juveniles from the adult correctional process were known as ______. a. houses of correction b. houses of refuge c. houses of detention d. houses of the child savers 12. The Colorado Compulsory School Act targeted the status offense of ______. a. delinquency b. runaways c. truancy d. curfew violations 13. Crimes punishable by jail confinement for up to one year are called ______. a. felonies b. misdemeanors c. infractions d. Part I offenses 14. According to the Uniform Crime Reports, when a person has been arrested for a reported crime, the case is said to have been ______. a. solved by arrest b. cleared by arrest c. resolved by arrest d. concluded by arrest 15. Delinquency which occurs but is neither detected by nor reported to police is known as ______. a. uncovered delinquency b. unreported delinquency c. concealed delinquency d. hidden delinquency 16. Some juvenile violence, including homicide, is linked to ______. a. family violence b. sexual abuse c. hostility toward authority d. gang membership Unit 1 Examination 32 BCJ 210 Juvenile Justice 17. Robbery, rape, auto theft, and murder are examples of ______. a. Part I offenses b. misdemeanors c. Part II offenses d. mala prohibita offenses 18. People have free will and choose to commit crime, according to the ______. a. positivist theory of criminality and delinquency b. sociobiology school of criminality and delinquency c. classical theory of criminality and delinquency d. XYY theory of criminality and delinquency 19. States with mandatory sentences for certain offenses subscribe to the ______. a. positivist theory of criminology b. classical theory of criminology c. biological theory of criminology d. sociobiology theory of criminology 20. The idea that certain persons are destined to be delinquent is consistent with ______. a. determinism b. classical theory c. sociobiology d. XYY theory 21. The notion that criminal behavior is linked to unusual or abnormal physical characteristics is attributed to ______. a. Cesar Lombroso b. Cesar Beccaria c. Jeremy Bentham d. Charles Darwin 22. The role of genetics in explaining criminal and delinquent behavior falls under ______. a. the classical school of criminology b. sociobiology c. atavism d. social learning theory Unit 1 Examination 33 BCJ 210 Juvenile Justice 23. According to the concentric zone hypothesis, the area closest to the city center is known as the ______. a. zone of concentration b. concentric zone c. zone of interaction d. interstitial area 24. Stressing the definitions people have of delinquent acts rather than delinquency itself is the notion behind ______. a. social learning theory b. anomie c. labeling theory d. concentric zone hypothesis 25. The subculture theory of delinquency is attributed to ______. a. Cohen b. Park c. Shaw d. McKay
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